INDEX - SmartScore X2



accaciatura 136, 226

accelerando 67


editing 139

playback 141

accidentals 253

accidentals, editing 137

accuracy, recognition 41, 46

active staffline 17, 85, 235

lock / unlock 85

active system 80

add empty 87, 101

adding parts, systems and pages 123, 127

Apply To

System Manager 130 apply to new score 131 Aria Player 50

exiting 51

troubleshooting 50

arpeggio 142

articulations 253

deleting 143

insert/delete multiple 143

articulations palette 138 Associate Image Files 240 Audio CD recording 223 Audio MIDI Setup 84

Audio Units (AU) 82

Auto Save 227

Auto-Spacing 159


barline properties 94

barlines 253

bracketing 184

deleting end of staff 62, 93, 151

editing 151

repositioning measures 132

reset number per line 123 beaming flagged notes 116, 234 beams

across measures 162

Auto-Beam 159

cross-staff voicing 161

making 92

reshape 131

Begin Recognition Window 15

bowings 37


broken or missing 77

bracketing 120, 183

brightness, scanning 32


CD Writer 223

centering music for printing 105


beamed note 92

notes and symbols 90

chord cluster 91

splitting into voices 56 Chord symbol preferences 181 chord symbols

changing 178

copying 182

display 37, 226, 236

inserting 177

moving 182

new 180

preferences 226

clefs 252

editing 148

transposition 117

unifying 156

visibility 225

Clefs and Signatures palette 148

cluster, chord 91

Coda 63, 72

recognizing split systems 38


MIDI channels 227

overriding automatic color 159

preferences 227

conductor score from parts 36, 40, 112 contrapuntal voices (see also "voicelines") 20, 159

Copy 230

ENF region to clipboard 98 courtesy accidentals 137 crescendos and decrescendos

hiding 163

inserting 145

properties 68

Crop 46

cross-measure beaming 162

cross-staff voicing 161

locking the active staff 162

preferences 225

Ctrl+A (Select all) 56, 154, 232


da Capo 64

dal Segno 64

darkness, scanning 32

defaults, restoring 227

delete 90, 115, 116

barlines at the end of staff 62

beamed note 92

entire part 129

note(s) from cluster 56, 91, 154 notes and symbols 115 numbered endings 62, 93, 151 selected group of objects 116 when all else fails (Tip) 116

descelerando 67 display, page view 85 document layout 105

custom 106

document preferences 183, 225

dot of prolongation 136, 253

draw tool

freehand 47


automatic drum patterns 194

virtual 196

working with 186 duplicate parts (TAB) 190 dynamics 253

markings 145

properties 69

range 164

Dynamics palette 144



Format score 110

EDIT menu 230


numbered 60

simple numbered 61

ENF 254

add new page 87, 233

blank templates 101

bracketing 183

cascade windows 239

CD recording 223

clone document 239 Cut, Copy and Paste 230 editing files 30

file formats 98

Graphical Controllers 74

header 185

image association 236 orientation of score 107 paging 166

playback 52

Preferences 225

reformat 102 region to copy 96 scoring 77, 98

status bar 87

System Manager 124

tempo marking 233

tile windows 239

using scrollers 166 visibility of parts 129 warning preferences 227

Zoom 87, 203, 206


remove articulations 229

ENF playback 50

real-time settings 54

ensemble 251

creating part scores from 113

Error Message 236

errors, rhythmic 88

expanded systems 80 exporting ENF files 98 expressions 139, 147 Extended Notation Format 16 extracting parts and voices 126

Score Structure 111



editing 139

playback 140

file formats 77, 98, 228

import 155

FILE menu 228


exporting files to 77, 98, 229

replacing SmartScore Lite 99

Fine 64

fingerings 182

flagged notes

beaming 116, 234

folio 251


changing style 176

setting default style 225 format score 102, 233 formatting

optimize print size 97

free rhythm 22


Garritan sounds 50

troubleshooting 50

glissando 142

Go to… 124, 166

grace notes 136, 226

Graphical Controllers ENF 74

MIDI 206


classical notation 182 Guitar Chord Library 177 guitar fret symbols

editing 177

see chord symbols 226

guitar tablature 187

convert from notation 186 copying from notation 190 recognition 37

scanning 32

guitar, classical notation 27

guitar, tutorial 27



inserting 144

properties 68

Help 240

Hidden Symbols 163

hymnal and choral scores 56, 60


Image Editor 45

Cut/ Copy and Paste 49

grey thresholding 49

image info 45

image information 237

insert 115

beamed note 92

Installation 15

instrument change 58

Instrument Templates 65


changing during playback 58, 204 selecting for playback 57 transposed 73


Jumps 63


Karaoke view 72

preferences 227

Keep 37

key signature 148, 252 at end of line 149 change 149

unifying 156

key transposition 95, 117

Keyboard shortcuts 152


landscape 251

line spacing

using tabs 103

Long view (horizontal display) 85

lyrics 173

default font preferences 225 font size and style 176 recognizing 36

show/don’t show 225, 236

when found under last staff 37


map, Quick Keys 171, 172

margins, changing 107

measure number display 225, 236

measures 253

change number per line 123

error 88

inserting and merging 231

pickup 70

reformatting 102

resizing 132

shuttle between systems 132

split 70


measures 231

parts or systems 77 metronome marks 146 MIDI

bank 254

channel 254

closing MIDI views 199 Cut/Copy and Paste 211 display controls 216

Event List 212

event selection 208

Graphical Controllers 206

importing files 166 inserting note events 213 Instrument settings 206

measure settings 212

metronome 217

note attributes 209

Note Event 210

patch 204, 254

playback 200

playback range 202

port 254

program change 58, 204, 254

recording 217

new tracks 219 select by time frame 208 selecting view 198

Setup 52

Show Actual Playback 202, 244

shuttle tool 206

snap to 219, 244

Step Time Recording 220

switching tracks 202

synchronize views 244

Track Overview 199

velocity 254

velocity and duration 210

viewing in an ENF document 240

MIDI Devices 201

MIDI Event 254

MIDI Files

import 155

MIDI instruments assigning 125

changing 58 MIDI Menu Items 241 MIDI Setup

Mac 84

MIDI to ENF 166

miniatures, scanning 33

Mini-Console 52


Hidden symbols 163

Insert or change a symbol 90

Lyric 173

Nudge 131

Text 175


editing 139

playback 141

Multi-measure rest properties 70

multi-measure rests 135

music editing 88

MusicXML 77, 98, 227


navigating around ENF 85 navigating ENF screens 164 Navigator 154, 254

NIFF 229

normalize graphical controllers 76

notation display 238

image association 236

notes 252

adding to existing 91

adjusting stems 131

associated with lyric block 173

Auto-spacing 159

change 90

changing pitch 88, 131

changing values 115

color 159

color properties 227

deleting 90

dotted 136

editing beamed 92

editing clusters 91

grace notes 136

insert, change & delete 115

inserting 135

inserting and changing 90

moving horizontal 131

overlap or offset 38, 163, 226

properties 65

punctuation 132

Quick-select 19

splitting 56, 154

stem direction 90, 153

swap position of 161

Nudge mode 131

barlines 102, 132

moving multiple symbols 131

repositioning measures 132

reshaping angles 131

special functions 132

text 177

numbered endings 61

deleting / changing 62


online help 240

optimize score size 110

optimized systems 80, 120, 129, 232

Ossia 124

Ossias 37

overlap/offset notes 163



add empty 123, 233

page layout

centering 20

page number display 226

Page Setup 20, 107

Center on Page 105 optimize page size 110 simple centering 96

page type

orientation 107

preferences 227

page view layout 85, 238

palettes, expanding 18, 89

part linking 77, 80, 120, 154

Part names

editing 125

showing 236

parts 251

adding new 127

extracting 24, 126

maintaining continuity 77

making visible/invisible 129 merging separated systems 77 naming in System Manager 125 re-linking / optimized 80

show names in ENF 125

visibility 122

Paste 231

Paste / Replace 231


recognition of 33

Save as 97

pedals 37

percussion 186

editing 190

noteheads 65

recognition 37

Percussion clef 150

Piano Roll 202

pickup and close-out measures 22 pickup measures 25, 70, 71 pitch shift (see Nudge) 131

selected notes 116


change instrument 58

changing instruments on-the-fly 52

Console functions 53

free rhrythm 22

hesitating 70

inserting instrument change 204 instrument change - ENF View 58 jumps 63

Lock to time signature 22, 70, 226

maintaining continuity 77

pickup measures 22

Program change 58, 254

Properties tool 23

Quick tricks 52

Randomizer 226

repeats 60

selecting a range 24, 52

Playback Console 215

Set Instruments 54

polyphonic voices 20


Document 225

Program 227

Print Preview 96, 105, 229

printing 96

centering pages 105 optimizing page size 110 optimizing size 97

Program Change ENF View 58

Event List 215

Piano Roll 204

Program preferences 227


barline 70

Note 65

playback 65

staff 122

Properties tool 23

punctuation 132


quantization 244

Quick Keys 152

Barlines 151

Beam Direction 153

Dots 152

Dynamics 144

QuickSelect 115

Rests 135

Select Tool 116

Stem Direction 153

Ties 153

Tuplets 135

Vertical Alignment 59, 160

Quick-Select 19, 89, 90



adding a staff missed by 78

bowings 37

chord symbols 177

fretboard 38

hymnal fonts 37 joining offset voices 38 lyrics and text 36 optimized scores 38

options and preview tabs 36

PDF 33

pedals 37

poor 40

sample files 15

System Report 16, 227

thresholding to improve 48

triplets 37

record a CD 223

record new MIDI track 219

reference views 164

overlay 165

reformat score 102, 124, 225, 233

Reformatting 102

registration, product 241

rehearsal symbols 226

Re-link parts 77, 80

after Unify 155

before inserting staff 78 Repeat previous measure mark 60 repeated endings 62

repeated verses and sections 60

Repeats 60

reset windows and palettes 98

Resolution (dpi) 32

rests 253

associated with lyric block 173

moving horizontal 131

ritard 67

Rotate scanned image 48

ruler preferences 227


Save ENF 50, 97

scan view window 164

display 239

floating 239

overlay 86

split control 239

scanning music 29

all-in-one scanners 110

choose interface 31

Macintosh 30

outside of SmartScore 30

resolution (dpi) 32


annotations 182

create from scratch 101

display 85

formats 251

header 185

large notehead 122

reduced part 121

reformatting 102 score from scratch 100 Score Properties 93, 120

Score Structure 111

Score-Part 112, 123, 251

adding 123

scanning in 39

screen grab 98

Segno 63

Select All (Ctrl+A) 232

Select tool 116

shaped notes 65

shortcut conventions 28

Shortcuts, keyboard 152


exporting to 77, 98


unifying 156

Slur 138


editing 138

playback 138

properties 66

reshaping 131

SmartScore Lite, replace 99

soft accent

playback 141 solo violin tutorial 27 spacing 121

applying to other staffs and systems


unifying staff and system 122

Split into separate voices 56

split pane tool 86

splitting chords into voices 154


playback 140

staff 252

active 235

adding / rremoving 123

adding new 127

invisible or unrecognized 78

properties 122

spacing 120, 121 spacing using tabs 103 visibility 122

Staff Properties 27, 78, 122

stem direction

changing 90, 153 Step Time Recording 220 Super System 79, 129

symbol preferences 226

symbol select 89

symphonic music

adding missing parts 129

scanning 35

system 252

add / remove 123 apply changes to 130 changing widths

global 106

single 103

collapsed 80

display characteristics 225

merging 77

optimize 129

optimized 80

re-linking parts in 80

spacing 103

System Manager 124, 254

Part Names 125

Visibility 126

System Report 39

System+, apply changes to 130


tablature (TAB) 186

change fingering 188 duplicate notation staff 190 editing 187

rhythmic cues 188

scanning 32

tablature(TAB) 124

change staff to 122

tabs,spacing 190

distances 103

margin control 106

staffline spacing 104

system width 102

unifying staff & line distances 20

Task Window 15, 227, 239


markings 147

properties 67, 147

setting default 146, 233

Tempo Controller ENF 75

MIDI 206


playback 140


adding new style 177

deleting 176

Document preferences 225

editing 175

font size and style 176

nudging 131, 177 Text and tools palette 152 ties 137, 253

tiling views 157

time signature 148, 252

change 149

at end of line 149

unifying 156

Tool palettes 133, 134

expanding 89

resetting 98

Toolbars 235

transposed instruments 73

Transposition 95, 117

tremelo 141

beamed 142

playback 141


editing 140

playback 139

properties 68

triplets 55, 138

change bracket type 226

implied 163

nested 136

tuplets 253

properties 69

user-defined 136

affecting playback 56

Turn 140

assigning instruments to 57,




editing 139

color 159

playback 139

extracting 24, 127

Tutorial 15

gluing and ungluing 59, 160

offset 38


Undo 91

Unify 156

Unify key, time and clefs 155

updates, online 241

user interface preferences 227


Velocity Controller ENF 75

MIDI 204

velocity, note 254

verses, repeated 60

vertical alignment 38

correcting 58

Recognition Options 38

verifying 161, 175

vertical event 58

View > Scan View Window 87

views, tiling 157

violin, solo 27


part 129

voice 56

voice color 18

voiceline 88, 159, 252

threading 21, 254

visiting another staff 161

voices 20, 251

splitting 56, 154

swap position 161

using hidden rests 163

vertically aligning 59, 160

visibility 56

VST 82


window synchronization 87



export 227

import 155



ENF 87

preferences 227

Scan Window 87

screen size 227

zoom 238


  1. Installation and Introduction


    1. SmartScore X2 Installation procedures

      SmartScore requires personalization and verification of ownership the first time it is opened. You will be able to install SmartScore 5 times on up to 5 computers you own and use exclusively. Contact Musitek Technical Support if additional installs are necessary. For details, please read the SmartScore licensing agreement.

      1. You will need to be connected to the Internet during the installation. If you do not have Internet access you will be given a confirmation number which will require entering a response from Musitek (Verification ID). To complete manual verification, contact technical support at tech@musi- (805-646-5841).

        NOTE: Turn firewall & virus protection OFF during installation. Copying the installed program to other media will to cripple the program.

        Download Installations

        1. After purchasing SmartScore for downloading, you will be taken to a “Thank you” page which will give you your new ID and serial number. Be sure to print this page out and store it for future reference. You will then be directed to a link for downloading. (If you are upgrading from a previous Musitek product, you will first be required to enter your previous ID and serial number).

        2. In the “Download Product” page, you will be able to choose to download the complete installer (SmartScore X2, Aria Player and Garritan sounds) or just the SmartScore X2 product you purchased. The full download installer is over 600MB and may be slow or possibly even time out if you have a slow Internet connection.

        3. If you choose to download only the SmartScore X2 installer, you will be given a link where you can purchase the full DVD for $5 plus shipping.

          DVD Installation

        4. Insert the SmartScore X2 DVD into your computer’s DVD drive.

        5. (Windows) Inserting DVD should launch Auto-run. If not, Push Start > Run and Browse to find your DVD drive. Double-click Install_SmartScoreX2.msi.

        6. (Macintosh) Insert the DVD and open the Macintosh folder. Double-click on the file Install_SmartScoreX2.

          All Installations

        7. After successful installation, launch your copy of SmartScore X. Follow personalization and verification steps. You will need to enter your unique Customer ID and Serial Number which is printed on the DVD box or was given to you when you downloaded the software.

        8. Installation requires online registration and verification. File saving and printing will be disabled after 30 days if registration is not completed. If you are unable to register online, please contact technical support at 805-646- 5841 or by e-mail at

    2. How to use this manual

      This manual is a reference. It is not intended for bedtime reading. The best method for learning or solving an issue is to go directly to the Index on page 1, find your topic or issue then find the corresponding page number. We strongly suggest new users walk through the Tutorial, Chapter 2), page 15 before diving in. A Quick Refer- ence Guide is included within the program and can be accessed from the Help menu.

      NOTE: We’ve produced a number of helpful support videos. You can find them at:

      1.2.1 What Edition symbols mean

      Not all features described apply to every SmartScore edition. Symbols in the left mar- gin identify editions that do not apply.

      • SmartScore Pro Edition

        The Pro edition has no restrictions. All features and descriptions in this manual apply to SmartScore Pro Edition.


        • Not found in MIDI Edition

          Indicates the feature or description does not apply to MIDI Edition.


        • Not found in MIDI or Guitar Editions

          Does not apply to either MIDI or Guitar Edition.


        • Not found in MIDI or Piano Editions

          Indicates the feature or description does not apply to either MIDI or Piano Edition.


        • Not found in Piano or Guitar Editions

      Indicates the feature or description does not apply to either Piano or Guitar Edition.


  2. SmartScore X2 Tutorial


    1. Recognition of Sample Files (Fandago.tif)

      SmartScore includes several pre-scanned TIFF files. For the purpose of this tutorial. we will start with sample file, Fandango.tif.


      1. If the SmartScore Task Window is open (Ctrl + “W” will open it at any time), push the “Recognize Scans” button. The Navigator and the Toolbar also have a Recognition button.

        NOTE: The Task Window opens automatically only at program start. It can be launched at any time with Ctrl + “W” or by selecting Recognition from Windows menus (on Windows) or from the File menu (on Macintosh).

        The Begin Recognition window opens. This is the window you will use to select previ- ously-scanned music for recognition.


        FIGURE 2 - 1: Begin Recognition window


      2. Press Add Files to List. In the Open dialog box, double-click on the sample file, Fandango.tif, inside the SmartScore folder. This will add the pre-scanned file to the list.

      3. Press Begin Recognition. This is where the magic happens.)

            1. System Report

              Once recognition is complete, you will see list giving the total number of systems found as well as the largest and smallest number of parts found in any given system. This is espe- cially important information if you are working with large scores or scores with expanding and collapsing systems. Click “Open SmartScore File” to proceed normally.

              NOTE: If the information in the System Report differs significantly from your original score, there may be problems with your scanned image, such as broken systems or missing parts due to poor originals or incorrectly scanned pages.

            2. Unify Key and Time

        In the Unify window, click OK to accept the default (Unify key signatures based on the topmost staff line in each system). Accepting the defaults after recognition is usually fine.

        The name Fandango.enf will appear in the Save As file name window. SmartScore’s file extension is ENF (Extended Notation Format). The .enf extension will automatically be added to all file names after recognition. Click on Save.

          1. Editing Sample Files

            1. What you will see first

              After recognition of the Fandago file, the screen will fill with a number of colorful and interesting windows. Don’t be afraid. It’s all good.


              FIGURE 2 - 1: Opening screen after recognizing a file

            2. Aria Player and Playback Console

              The information window is important, but may be a bit incomprehensible at first. For now, just push OK. (Do not click “Don’t show this again” unless the message is clear to you.) In order to play back the music, you will need to load some instruments into Aria player.

              1. Left-click in the lower left hand corner of the “Ensemble” window in the Aria player, choose “SmartScore” and select “All_Piano”.


              2. Move your cursor to the “Playback Console” and in the transport controls, push the Play button.


              3. To stop playback, hit the Spacebar. The Spacebar starts and stops playback.

              4. With your cursor, click and drag an edge of the Playback Console and drag it to the right side of the screen. Do the same with the Aria player. For more informa- tion about the Aria player, see (Section 4.1, "Working with the Aria Player and Garritan sounds" on page 50). Now, lets discover SmartScore’s notation editor...

            3. Notation Editor

              The original scanned image is displayed in the upper pane and the newly recognized SmartScore version appears below it in white. file appears below it. Use the scroller bars, mouse wheel, or arrow keys on your keyboard to scroll up and down the page.

              Mac Users: Try the “overlay” mode controlled by the variable opacity slider in the Tool- bar. In the main menu, select View > Split screen > Overlay.

              Only one staff line is active at a time. The active staff displays black while inactive staff lines display in grey. Move your cursor within the boundary of a staff until it highlights black. Caps Lock will “lock in” an active staff until it is hit again. If you want all staves to

              display in black, go to the View menu and un check Show Active Staff. If you do this, remember to move your cursor within a staff line first before doing any editing within a staff line.

              To see all staff lines in black, check “Show Active Staff” in the View menu.

              image Since editing is done a staff-to-staff basis, turn this back on if you are unsure which staff line you are editing.

            4. Editing Fandango

              Once you have recognized Fandango.tif, it’s time to edit the few mistakes...

              Deleting symbols / Expanding palettes / Grace notes

              The beamed grace note in the first measure was recognized as a quarter note.

              1. Hit “X” key on your keyboard and with your mouse, left click on the quarter note to delete it.

              2. Click and hold on the quarter note button in the Note and Rests palette. In a sec- ond or two, all possible note values will appear.



                FIGURE 2 - 1: Expanding Tool Palettes (Notes) and selecting Beam direction

              3. Select the 16th note (two flags).

              4. In the Notes and Rest palette, click on the beam direction button. Hold down for a second or two and select “right beam”.

              image e. Now click on the “Grace note” button to the right of the beam button.

              NOTE: Use the “S” key on your keyboard to toggle whether the inserted note will be

              “stem up” or “stem down”.

              1. Move your cursor to where first “grace note” should appear and click to insert.

              2. Move your cursor to where the second grace note should appear and click. You should now see two grace notes joined together with a double beam

                Changing note values using Quick-select method

                Notice Measure 3 is highlighted pink. This means there is a rhythmic problem. The beam notes in the treble clef should all be 8th notes, not 16ths. We will use Quick-select to fix it without having to go back to the tool palette.

                1. Position you cursor over the middle note of the 8th note beam group in the next measure (Measure 2) until it highlights yellow. With Ctrl button down, click on it. Notice the cursor immediately becomes a middle-beamed 8th note.

                  This action is called Quick-select. With Ctrl down, clicking on any object will inherit its attributes. You may find Quick-select to be the fastest and easiest method for selecting most musical symbols while editing.

                2. Position you cursor over the first 16th beamed note in Measure 3 until it high- lights yellow and click on it. The note will change to an 8th beam.

                3. Notice the measure’s pink color disappears. This means there is no longer a tim- ing error in the measure.

                4. Push the Space bar to begin playing the piece. To pause, hit Space.


              NOTE: If the target note turns light blue, a new note will be inserted. Only objects that highlight yellow will become changed. If a mistake is made, push the Undo but- ton or Ctrl + “Z” (Cmd + “Z” for one-button Macs).

              Copying and pasting several notes at once / Pitch shift

              In Measure 23, notice a grace note was mis-recognized, again as a quarter note.

              1. Hit the “X” key and click to delete the first, incorrect quarter note.

              2. Zoom out (right-click) and return your cursor to the beginning of Measure 1. Hit the “O” key (or push the “Selector” icon in the ENF toolbar) and right-drag to highlight both grace notes. Select Edit > Copy or push Ctrl + C/Cmd + C.

              3. Position your cursor in Measure 24. Push Ctrl + V / Cmd + V and click to paste the grace notes where they should be.


              4. The pitch of the first grace note should be e, not d. Zoom in with zoom too. While holding the SHIFT button down, drag the head of the first grace note up a step to e.

              Transposing the key


              1. Push the “Transpose” button in the Toolbar (or select Edit > Transpose).

              2. In the Transpose window, click the scroller upwards to change the target key sig- nature from 1 flat (Dm) to 1 sharp (Em).

              3. Push OK to effect the key transposition.

              Unifying irregular staff sizes

              This piece comes from an older edition with somewhat irregular sized staff lines. Notice the bass staff is slightly larger than the treble staff. SmartScore measures and displays staff and systems distances exactly as the original.

              1. Locate the blue “staff height” tab left of the bass staff in Measure 15. Move the blue tab upward to slightly decrease staff height so it matches the staff width of the treble clef. Once you are satisfied with staff and line spacing, hit the “Caps Lock” key to “lock in” the active system.


              2. Push the “Unify” button in the Navigator. Select “Unify System, Staff and Line Spacing” (Based on active system). Push OK.

              3. Hit the “Caps Lock” key again to release the active system.

              Prepare for printing (Page setup / centering / adjust margins)

              In unifying system spacing, it’s possible that the last system may have rolled over to a new page. Here, we will center the score and readjust page margins...


              1. Push the “Setup” button in the Navigator or select File > Page Setup. Notice default Document Layout is From Recognition.

              2. Change Document Layout to Center on Page. The print preview pane in the background will change to reflect actual page size. Push Apply.

              3. If necessary, reposition the green header/footer tabs located inside the left margin ruler.

              4. Push the Print icon at the top of the Page Setup window.

              Visualizing contrapuntal voices

              Turning on voice color will display contrapuntal voices as different colors. This allows you to view secondary voices (both notes and rests) in red and tertiary voices in green. Any notes belonging to a 4th voice will appear in blue.

              1. In Page Setup view, push “Main View” button at top of screen.

              2. In the Toolbar, push the “Voice Visibility” button.


                Notice in Measure 2 how notes and rests appear as either black or red. They rep- resent two of the four possible contrapuntal voices. Voices can be assigned differ- ent MIDI instruments if desired.

              3. Push the Console button to open the Playback Console or use the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl + 9 / Command + 9.



              FIGURE 2 - 2: Playback Console with Voice Visibility on

              Changing Instrument sounds in Playback Console

              The left and right-hand piano parts have been automatically recognized as piano and assigned the General MIDI patch of Grand Piano.

              1. In the Instrument column of Track 2 / Voice 2 (red track), change the instrument to Timpani. Press the spacebar or Play button. You will hear that the secondary voice of the left hand will be different from the others.

              2. Move volume slider left or right to increase or decrease volume on one or more parts. Close Playback Console.


            5. Editing Chorale

              Many scores are written with multiple voices within a single staff line. Solo piano, guitar and choral music typically include different voices moving indepen- dently in and out of measures. “SmartScore’s voiceline threading allows for easy isolating and manipulating of voices.

              NOTE: SA/TB scores will have voices separated either by opposing stems or by two noteheads joined to a single stem. Many hymnals combine SA and TB to a single stem (cluster). To separate two-note clusters into separate voices, see "Voice Splitting (Select + “H”)", Section 4.5.2, on page 56.

              The sample file, Chorale.tif, is a well-known Lutheran hymn with four voices: Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass written in two staff lines.

              1. Push the Recog button on the Navigator. Press the Add Files to List button in the

                Begin Recognition window. Select Chorale.tif from the SmartScore folder

              2. Press the Begin Recognition button. Once Recognition is complete, press “Open SmartScore File’ and save the file.

              3. Hit the spacebar to hear the playback.


                Hold the “Ctrl” button down and in the upper staff, click on the green note in Measure 3. Now hit the “X” key then click to delete it. Hit the “C” key and drop the selected note into the lower staff line at f3.

                Correct playback of pickup and closeout measures

                Pickup and closeout measures are commonly found in hymns and other vocal scores. Notes may be correctly recognized within these incomplete (pink) measures but playback will hesitate because SmartScore normally locks playback to the time signature. There are two ways to force such measures to play unconstrained notation (free rhythm):


                1. Push the Properties tool (Esc key). Click on the barline at the beginning of the first measure. In the Barline Properties window, change the Playback pull-down menu from Current time signature to As written. Repeat for Measure 5. This will affect only individual measures. It will not affect playback of any other mea- sures in the piece.

                2. To have the entire score ignore the default time signature, go to Playback menu and select “Play as written”.

              Apply different MIDI sounds to each part

              Make sure you see both black and red notes. If not, push the “Voice Visibility” button found in the lower toolbar.

              In the upper staff, the Soprano voice is black (Voice 1) and the Alto voice is red (Voice 2). In the lower staff, the Baritone voice is black and Bass is red. Up to four voices are possi- ble within each staff.

              1. Hold down the Ctrl key and hit the “9” key (Cmnd + 9 for Mac). This opens the image Playback Console. Or push the “Console” button in the Toolbar.

              2. Change MIDI Instrument assignments of the two voices in the top part, PianoR

                (Track 1). Change Voice 1 (black) to Choir Aahs and Voice 2 (red) to Voice Oohs.

              3. To hear separate voices, push the Play button, manipulate the volume sliders and the solo or mute buttons. Press Close to close the Playback Console.

            6. Editing Gluck



              1. Push the Recog button in the Navigator. In the Begin Recognition window press Add Files to List. Double-click the file Gluck.tif inside the SmartScore folder.

              2. Press Begin Recognition button to start the recognition process. Accept the post-recognition defaults. Select Open SmartScore File in the System Report window and Save the ENF file.

              3. To listen to Gluck, simply press the spacebar. Hit the spacebar again to stop.

              4. A natural sign is missing from a half-note in Measure 18. Quick-select (Ctrl+click) on the natural sign in the right-hand piano part. Move the cursor into the flute part and click on the half-note to insert the natural.

                Using Properties tool to change playback characteristics

                In Measure 20, the words “rit.” (ritard or ritenudo) and “poco rit.” were recognized and applied to gradually slow playback down for that measure. The word “poco” (a little bit) was also recognized, but not necessarily applied. To change playback characteristics of nearly any musical symbol, use the Properties tool.


                1. With Properties tool active (Esc key), click on the word “rit.”.


                  FIGURE 2 - 3: Ritenudo Properties window

                2. Change the tempo value of the Ending of the measure by moving the slider to something like 70 or 80% of the current value.

                3. Push OK. The measure will slow a bit more.

                4. Repeat in the bass clef, this time by clicking on the marking, “poco rit.”.

                  NOTE: With Properties tool active, try clicking on the “tr” and “f” signs in Measure 19 to get a sense of how this tool can work.

                  Selecting a few measures for playback

                  You may want to hear back only Measures 19 through 20 to test the playback settings which you changed using the Properties tool.

                  To playback a small range of measures,


                  1. Push the Select tool in the Toolbar or hit the “O” key on your keyboard.

                  2. Hold down the right mouse button (alt + click for Mac) and drag inside a selected range of measures. Measures will highlight blue and are staged for play- back using Spacebar or the Play button.

                  3. Press the Spacebar again to replay the selected range from the beginning.

                  4. Click anywhere outside of the range of measures to deselect the range.

                  5. To play back a larger range of measures or to continuously loop playback, choose Playback > Set Play Range from the main menu. The Set Play range window will float and remain open until closed.

                    Extracting a part in Score Structure


                    1. Push the “Structure” button in the Navigator palette to the left of the screen. Score Structure is an environment that will display all open ENF files in a hierarchy and allow you to manipulate the arrangement and visibility of parts and voices. You can even move parts from one open ENF file to


                      another simply by dragging the selected part to the other file.

                      FIGURE 2 - 4: Extracting a part in Score Structure window

                    2. Click to highlight PianoR and PianoL parts then push the “Remove” button at the bottom of the window.

                    3. To create a new document containing only the flute part, select “Apply to New”.

                    4. A new ENF file will open displaying only the flute part.

                    5. Your original 3-part score will remain open and unchanged.

            7. Editing Songbook


              1. Select Recognition.

                1. Press the Add Files to List button in the Begin Recognition window. Select Songbook.tif and press Open. In the Options area, make sure the box to the left of Text is checked.

                2. Press the Begin Recognition button. Once Recognition is complete, accept “Open ENF” and save the ENF file, Songbook.enf.

                Pickup, closeout and error measures

                In the Aria player, click on the lower left-hand corner of the Ensemble window and select SmartScore > OneVoice_Piano. This will add a vocal sound to the topmost staff line.

                Hit the Spacebar and listen to the first line of music. Notice there is a delay after the first and last measure. The first measure with 1 1/2 beats is a “pickup” measure and the last with 3 beats is a “closeout” measure. SmartScore applies the default time signature to each measure so we need to tell it to “Play what’s written”.

                1. In the Playback menu, select “Play as Written”. Now, all measures will play exactly what is written and the time signature will be ignored.

                2. Go to View menu and in the “Show” submenu, uncheck “Error measures”. This will turn off the pink color which highlight measures having incorrect beats.

                NOTE: Individual measures can be assigned to “Play as written” by clicking the barline preceding the measure with the Properties tool and checking “Play as written.”

                Editing Lyrics

                The first word in the second system lost the “W” because it was broken up.


                1. In the lower toolbar, locate the “L” button (for Lyrics) and push it.

                2. Click on the first eighth note in the vocal line. The lyric cursor will jump to the beginning of the first lyric syllable. Type the letter “W”.

                3. At the end of the same line, find the blue lyric syllable, “noats”. Click the quarter note above it and hit the delete key. Now type “fl” and click outside of the staff.

                4. Move to the next line down and correct the words “otr” and “tmst” in the top lyric line using the same method as you did before.

                5. Hit the down-arrow key to move to the next line down. Now correct the words “noat” and “yon”. Use the left and right-arrow key to move along the lyric line.

                6. In the next measure, the word “bough” in the top line was associated with the wrong note. It should be attached to the half note. Use the arrow keys to position your cursor at the beginning of the word. Click and drag right to highlight the word “bough” and with the Ctrl key down, hit the “X” key to cut it to clipboard.


                7. Click on the half note to the left and when the cursor drops down, hold the Ctrl button down and hit the “V” key. The word “bough” will be pasted into position.

                8. Click out of the staff line. Press the “L” button in the toolbar to exit Lyric mode. Restore error measures by going to View > Show and checking “Error mea- sures”. Restore normal playback by going to the Playback menu and click on “Play as written” to turn it off. Most settings in SmartScore remain on until turned off.

                NOTE: You may want to experiment with changing the Andante tempo marking. Hit the

                Esc key (Properties tool), click on the marking and adjust BPM value.

            8. Editing Guitar

              SmartScore includes some very useful and powerful features for solo guitar music includ- ing recognition and editing of tablatures.

              1. Push the Recognition button. In the Begin Recognition window, push Add FIles to List. Double click on the file, GUITAR.TIF in the SmartScore folder to add the file to the list of recognized pages.

                NOTE: Solo guitar and violin music often contain fingering numbers. You may want to prevent SmartScore from interpreting fingerings as tuplets. To ignore tuplets, uncheck Tuplets in the Recognition Options area. Press Begin Recognition.

                Adjust default tempo

                The original tempo is marked “Poco allegro”. SmartScore recognized the word, “Allegro” which has a default tempo of 150 bpm. It’s too fast.


                1. Push the Properties tool and click on the mark, Allegro in Measure. Move the slider to change the speed to something slower.

                  NOTE: With “Apply this tempo to all similar marks” checked, all existing marks of Allegro will become updated to the new tempo after you push OK.

                  Editing three or more voices

                  Solo classical guitar and solo violin scores are unique in the world of published music. In most music, usually no more than two voicelines are present; each being distinguished by notes having opposite stem directions.

                2. Save the file with the default name given.

                3. Notice measures have notes in three colors, including green. The green notes rep- resent the third or tertiary voice. Push spacebar to Play. Hit spacebar again to Stop.

                  Controlling part names

                  The part name (Nylon Guitar) overlaps the first measure. To turn off part names, go to

                  View > Show > Part Names submenu. Check “Don’t Show”.

                  Assigning different instruments to voices

                4. Open the Playback Console (Ctrl + 9 / Cmnd + 9). Click into Instrument selec- tion for Voice 2. In the Instrument pull-down menu, change Nylon String Guitar to Tango Accordion.

                5. Change Voice 3 to Acoustic Bass or some other instrument.

                6. Push the spacebar and listen to how contrapuntal voices become more distinct when they are assigned to different instrument sounds.

              Converting notation to guitar TAB

              1. Select Properties tool from the Toolbar.

              2. Click on the yellow triangle to the left of any staff line.

              3. In the Staff Properties window, click in the “Apply Staff Type” checkbox. Select “6-string guitar TAB” from the pull down menu.

              SmartScore also recognizes TAB-formatted scores. For more details, refer to Section 3.5.1, "Recognition Options" "Recognize Tablature, Percussion and Split Systems (Codas)".

            9. Macintosh / Windows shortcut conventions

        Most SmartScore keyboard shortcuts are identical on both Windows and Macintosh com- puters. For Macs with a single mouse button, the right-click function is performed version by holding down the “alt” (Option) key and clicking the mouse.


  3. Scanning and Recognition


    1. Preparing to Scan Music

      To scan right away, locate the SCAN button in the toolbar or Navigator and push it.



      Start Scan (Toolbar) Start Scan (Navigator)

      If your scanner responds well to the SCAN command, you can jump to Section 3.5, "Rec- ognition Sequence" on page 35. To learn more about scanning options in SmartScore, turn to Section 3.2, "Scanning in Macintosh®" on page 30.

      If you are scanning with a Mac running Snow Leopard (OS 10.4) or later and your scanner fails to respond to the SCAN command, jump to Section 3.2, "Scanning in Macintosh®" on page 30.

      Scanning in SmartScore on Mac computers is not quite as straightforward as Windows. Mac users, jump to "Scanning in Macintosh®", Section 3.2, on page 30.

          1. Scanner Drivers

            SmartScore uses “3rd-party drivers” for scanner control. These drivers are installed from the CDs packaged with your scanner. Windows drivers are usually WIA or TWAIN. If you encounter problems when attempting to scan, locate your scanner manufacturers’ website, download and install the most recent scanner driver before calling Musitek Tech- nical Support.

            NOTE: Some users may have to select “Custom” from their scanner installers.

          2. Selecting your scanner driver in SmartScore (Windows only)

            a. Go to File > Scan Music > Select Scanner. Click on the driver name that corre- sponds to your scanner.


            FIGURE 3 - 1: File > Scan Music > Select Scanner

            Using to SmartScore X2 29

            Windows Users: Select the “WIA xxx” driver associated with your scanner / all-in-one device. If your scanner fails to respond to the SCAN command, try the TWAIN driver that corresponds to your scanner if one is listed.

          3. Choosing a scanner

      All scanners are not created equal. Most will work well with SmartScore; some better than others. For an updated list of recommended scanners, visit:

      We’ve produced some helpful videos on scanning in SmartScore along with other topics. Visit our video page at:

      To read more about scanning, scanning issues and work-arounds, go online to:

      or see “Scanning Issues” at

        1. Scanning in Macintosh®

          Macs running Apple OS 10.6 (Snow Leopard) or later have scanner drivers imbedded in the operating system. This limits third-party scanning to those devices selected by Apple.

          If your scanner does not respond to the “Scan” command, scanning will have to be done outside of SmartScore.

          1. Scanning Outside of SmartScore

            If your scanner does not respond properly in SmartScore’s scanning interface or if you cannot prevent your scanner from creating dithered/half-toned images, you will be a able to create usable images with the scanning software that came with your scanner. Returning to SmartScore, you will be able to Recognize these saved images.

            1. Check that your scanner is on and connected to your computer.

            2. Go to File > Scan Music > Choose Interface > Your Scanner’s. When you push the Scan button, your scanner’s software may open up. If not, launch the scanning software application that came with your scanner.:

            • Place your music in the scanner as squarely as possible

              NOTE: Some scanners, especially lower-cost all-in-one devices have limited settings. If you are unable to locate specific settings described below, choose Text or Docu- ments. Normally, you will not select “Photos”, “Illustrations” or “Color”.

            • Look for Scan type or Output option. Set scanning to Grey (Greyscale).

            • Set Brightness to -20 to -35% for average printed music.

              • Set Resolution to 300-400 dpi for average printed music.

              • Scan between 300-400 dpi (for average-sized printed music). Scan at higher resolu- tions for music printed in smaller-than-average print size. Do not exceed 600 dpi.

              • In the preview pane, crop around but not into the area containing the music.

              • Scan and save multiple-page scores as a PDF file.

              • Scan and save single pages as uncompressed TIFF files. Give a unique filename for each page... e.g. Page1.tif, Page2.tif, etc.

                TIP:Optimum resolution is achieved when the distance between staff lines is about 20 pixels. In SmartScore’s Image Editor, zoom into the image. Referring to the

                image mouse position readout in the status bar, measure the distance between two lines in a stave (measure white space only).

          2. Scanning Orchestral Scores

            There are several methods that may be used to scan in oversized orchestral scores. Refer online to:

            My orchestral score is bigger and wider than my scanner.” found in the Support > FAQ section at

        2. Using the SmartScore Scanning Interface


      1. Go to File > Scan Music > Choose Interface = SmartScore’s. This will ensure that SmartScore’s scanning environment is activated.

      2. Push the Scan button found in the Navigator and in the Toolbar or choose File > Scan Music > Acquire.

        When you start scanning, a low-resolution pre-scan will appear in the Preview window. If your scanner does not respond properly inside SmartScore’s scanning interface, select File

        > Scan Music > Choose Interface = Your scanner’s and try again. If your scanner still fails to respond correctly, turn to “Scanning Outside of SmartScore” on page 30.

            1. Enhanced scanning functions

              • Auto Cropping

              If your music extends to the edge of the preview window, uncheck “Cropping” and push “Prescan” to scan again. This will allow for maximum scanning coverage. If cropping is checked, a bounding box will limit the scanning region. If you scan with cropping on, make sure about a 1/4” of clear white space is left on all sides of the music inside the pre- view image.

              • Auto Deskew

                If the preview appears slightly crooked, push the “Deskew” button to correct. If the pre- view is very crooked or if some music is cut off, reposition the music in the scanner and scan again.

              • Auto Resolution

                This feature takes the guesswork out of choosing the correct resolution (dpi) setting for each scan. When selected, the image is analyzed and sized in order to obtain an optimum image resolution, thus achieving the highest possible recognition accuracy. Use this when- ever possible.

                If the preview image appears with white notes on black background, you will be able to invert image in the Image Editor (see Section 3.9, "Image Editor" on page 45).

                NOTE: Selecting Next Page immediately activates your scanner. Before selecting it, position your next page onto the scanner and wait until the scanner bar resets. If you push too soon, you may get an error message that “Scanner is not ready.”

      3. Push Next Page and continue to preview, deskew and scan until you have fin- ished scanning your entire song, project, section or movement. Select Finish when done.

      NOTE: If the piece you are processing exceeds 10-15 pages, divide it into smaller, dis- crete sections, e.g. Intro, Part1, Part2, etc.

          1. Scanner settings

            The following section lists image-enhancement and scanner settings which you can con- trol within the SmartScore scanning interface.

          2. Choosing an alternative scanning interface

      If your scanner fails to respond properly to the Scan command in the SmartScore interface or your scanned image is unacceptable (partially scanned, distorted, etc.) your alternative is to scan using the software provided with your scanner. See Section 3.2.1, "Scanning Outside of SmartScore" on page 30 for details.

        1. Processing PDF files for Recognition

          SmartScore will recognize nearly all PDF music files. Before being processed, PDFs are converted to the TIF file format and saved to the default directory. PDF files must be prop- erly pre-scanned to achieve good results. For PDF scanning requirements and procedures, see Section 3.2.1, "Scanning Outside of SmartScore".

          To recognize PDF images of printed music,


          1. Push the Open File button and select “Image” type. Or push one of the Recogni- tion buttons in the Toolbar or Navigator. The Recognize function is also found under the File menu.

          2. After the image is converted from PDF to .TIF, it will open in SmartScore’s Image Editor where you can set grayscale threshold levels as well as delete non- notation pages such as the title page and front matter. While this step is recom- mended, it can be skipped each time or bypassed permanently.


          3. A file-selection window Begin Recognition will open. This is where you list your pre-scanned files for recognition by selecting them, rearranging them, removing or reordering them.


            FIGURE 3 - 2: Recognition - Selected Files / Options / Preview

          4. In the Begin Recognition window, push Add Files to List.

          5. Browse to where your images are stored. Click on an image file to select. If more than one page was scanned in the SmartScore scanning interface, the file will appear as a multi-page list.

            NOTE: You may click on and drag image icon(s) to the selected files list of the Begin Recognition window. Some older Windows operating systems may not support drag-and-drop.

          6. Preview pages prior to recognition to check that pages were scanned completely and that no page is severely skewed. Any of these issues will affect recognition results. Select the Preview tab and click on each page to view your pre-scanned pages.

          7. Refer to “Recognition Options” on page 36 for details on how recognition options operate.

          1. Reordering the File List

            Notice that one file may contain many pages. If you happened to have scanned a page out of sequence or if you notice pages out of order (e.g. “Page10” is listed before “Page2”). To reorder the list of pages to be recognized, click on any page and hit Move Up or Move Down. It will be repositioned. Hitting Remove Files from List will cause that page to be taken off the list and will not be recognized.

          2. Removing, replacing and re-saving scanned pages

      If one page of a scanned group is incorrectly scanned or is missing altogether from a multi-page image file (Page group), you may reselect individual pages to form a new page group.

      1. Select (or drag) the original multi-page file inside the selected files list of the

        Begin Recognition window.

      2. Highlight a page to remove and push Remove Files from List.

      3. To add a replacement or additional page to the original page group, select or drag the page(s) to the selected files list.

      4. Reorder pages as necessary.

      NOTE: If pages were reordered, added to or deleted from the original image file, you will be able to re-save the newly listed pages.

      To Save a modified list of grouped pages as a new image file,

  4. Playback


    1. Working with the Aria Player and Garritan sounds

      SmartScore X2 is configured to automatically open both the Playback Console and the Aria Player when a new file is opened or recognized.


      FIGURE 4 - 1: Aria player with SmartScore Playback Console

      To load preset instruments for playback,

      1. In the Aria player, select one of several instrument presets by clicking into the lower left corner of the “Ensemble” window.

      2. Click on “SmartScore” and select “All_Piano”. All channels will play a Grand Piano sound. Other combinations can be selected from “SmartScore” preset list.

        To load individual instruments,

        1. Click on any of the 16 instrument/channel slots in the Aria player.

        2. Select an instrument from one of seven instrument groups under “SmartScore”.

          IMPORTANT: The Aria player will play only those channels that are displayed in the channel list of SmartScore's Playback Console.

          Using to SmartScore X2 50

          Use the transport controls in the Playback Console or Mini Console to control playback. The spacebar can be used to start and stop playback, but not when the focus is on the Aria player. To activate spacebar for playback, click outside of the Aria player window.

          Volume, Pan, Mute, Solo and Transpose pitch controls are all active in Playback Console.

          If a part is not playing back or is playing the wrong sound, make sure you have the right instrument correctly assigned to each instrument/channel slot. Remember that only those channels listed in SmartScore’s Playback Console will sound in the Aria player.

          NOTE: Instrument names in the Playback Console are not active when using the Aria Player. Only those instruments loaded in the Aria player are activated.

          4.1.1 Notes on working with the Aria player

          • Manipulating playback windows

        Both the Aria and Playback Console windows are “floating” and can be easily moved out of the way when editing the ENF notation file. When either window is closed, current instrument settings are saved. In order to reassign instruments, playback windows will need to be reopened.

        image To reopen Playback Console, push the “Console” button in the lower toolbar. image To reopen Aria player, push the VST or AU button in the lower toolbar.

        To exit Aria player and revert to General MIDI Instrument playback, select General

        MIDI or MIDI Mapper from "MIDI Devices" under the Playback menu. This will enable you to insert multiple instrument changes. For details, see "Changing instrument sounds on the fly", Section 4.5.4, on page 58.

        The Aria player is loaded with useful features including effects and the ability to add more Garritan sounds. The Aria user manual can be found under the HELP menu > SmartScore manual (PDF) > Aria Player for SmartScore X2.


        We recommended using Aria for playback whenever you save to an audio file or burn playback audio to DVD.

        For information on saving to audio files or burning audio to DVD, refer to Chap- ter "Recording to Audio (Save as file / Burn to CD)", Section 10.14, on page 223.

          1. Quick Playback Tricks

            1. Press the spacebar to start playback. Press spacebar again to pause. Press again to resume play. Press the comma key (“,”) to rewind to start point.


            2. You can change the instrument sound of a part anywhere within the piece. Press the “Program Change” button in the ENF toobar and position the down arrow of your mouse on the measure and beat of the staff for which you wish to change instruments. Left-click and select a new instrument sound. For details, see "Changing instrument sounds on the fly", Section 4.5.4, on page 58.

              NOTE: Instrument change is only functional when General MIDI is selected under the

              Playback > MIDI Device menu. Aria player does not support instrument change.

            3. The Mini-Console transport controls Play, Rewind and Stop.The “spring-loaded” slider will accelerate or decelerate playback depending on how far the slider is dragged. The slider will snap back to the default tempo once it is released.


              FIGURE 4 - 1: Mini-Console

              4.2.1 Playing back a selected section


              The quickest way to play back a snippet of the score is to use the “Select” tool and drag the mouse over a region of the page while holding down the right mouse button (Alt + click for Mac). Measures selected for playback will high- light light blue. Hit Space bar to play.


              FIGURE 4 - 2: Selecting measures for limited playback

              For playing larger sections and for looping, go to Playback menu > Set Play Range.


              FIGURE 4 - 3: Set Playback Range

            4. In the From field, choose a starting measure. Then select an end point in the To

              pull-down box.

            5. To repeat playback over the range, check the Loop box.

          2. Playback Console

            The Playback Console is opened from a button in the Toolbar, by holding down Ctrl + 9


            (Win) / Cmnd + 9 (Mac) or by selecting Playback console. from the Playback menu.T


            FIGURE 4 - 4: Playback Console

            NOTE: Channel numbers, tempo, volume, pan, mute, solo and transpose pitch controls in the Playback Console all function normally when the Aria player is activated or when General MIDI playback is activated.

            Instrument assignments in the Playback Console are ignored whenever the Aria player is activated. Instruments assigned in the Aria player will respond only in channels that correspond to those in the Playback Console.

            4.3.1 Playback Console controls

            The playback transport controls works exactly as the Mini-Console. The General Vol- ume slider controls overall volume. Tempo controls default tempo (if no metronome value was assigned in ENF). Measure/Beat slider resets playback position to desired measure and beat.

            Each horizontal MIDI track is linked to a contrapuntal voiceline found in a staff. Tracks are grouped with light or dark grey shading representing one part / staff line. Each track has its controls arrayed in columns:

            • Column 1 (Track): Indicates the MIDI track assigned to the staff. MIDI Tracks are assigned automatically and cannot be changed.

            • Column 2 (Voice): Lists the contrapuntal voice number (1 thru 4) given to each voice- line. Voice numbers appear inside colored boxes representing one of 4 possible voices (black, red, green and blue).

            • Column 3 (Part Name): Each track (part) is linked to a Part Name. Part names are cre- ated in the System Manager.

            • Column 4 (Channel): SmartScore automatically assigns a unique MIDI channel to each track whenever possible. Since MIDI allows for only 16 channels, channel num- bers may become repeated. Channel numbers can be edited manually by clicking inside the Channel number field.

              NOTE: If the part contains more than one contrapuntal voice, you will see more than one instrument channel assigned to that part. For more information see "Working with Contrapuntal Voices", Section 7.9, on page 159.

            • Column 5 (Port) displays the current port (device) to which the MIDI track is being sent. If more than one MIDI device is available, the port assignment can be edited by clicking inside the Port field.

            • Column 6 (Lock): You may choose to lock the MIDI Channel of one or more parts to keep them from being changed dynamically.

            • Column 7 (MIDI Instrument): Every track is assigned a MIDI Instrument. The default instrument is “Grand Piano”. Some recognized scores, depending on their structure, may have other instruments assigned.

              Set Instrument: This button will open the Instrument Settings window which is designed to reallocated MIDI Channels and to save and load custom MIDI instru- ment settings.

            • Column 8/9 (Mute / Solo): buttons control whether a track should be muted while all other tracks play or soloed, muting all other tracks.

            • Column 10 (Volume): This slider controls the default volume of each track.

            • Column 11 (Pan): This slider controls the Left/Right balance for each track.

            • Column 12 (Transpose): Each track can have its playback transposed up or down. Note that transposed instruments will already reflect a transposed playback value to com- pensate for correct pitch.

          3. Dynamics and Articulations

        For detailed information on Dynamic and Articulations palettes, see "Articulations pal- ette", Section 7.6.2, on page 138 or "Dynamics Palette", Section 7.6.3, on page 144.

        4.4.1 Tuplets and Slurs (Legatos)






        While in the Insert mode, select a triplet (“T” key) from the “Notes” palette or select Legato from the “Articulations” palette.

        Creating a triplet

        Creating a slur

        FIGURE 4 - 5: Creating a Tuplet or Slur (legato)

        1. Click and drag down to insert the tuplet or legato above the notes to be selected.

        2. Click and drag up to insert the tuplet or legato below the notes to be selected.

          To delete a tuplet or articulation

        3. Ctrl+click on it, press the “X” key then click again on the object. Or use the Select tool (“O” key) to highlight one or more tuplets and/or legatos.

        4. Once selected, push the Delete key.

        NOTE: To resize or move a tuplet bracket, use Nudge mode and drag the control point located on either end of the tuplet.

          1. Voices and Playback

            Control of contrapuntal voices is key to proper playback of your score.

            1. Voice Visibility


              To view contrapuntal voices as colors, push the Voice Visibility button in the Toolbar. Each ENF Part (each staffline of the score) can contain a maximum of 4 voices (represented by 4 colors, black, red, green and blue). For scores to play back correctly, it is important that voices appear correct and be properly manipulated. See "Working with Contrapuntal Voices", Section 7.9, on

              page 159 for additional details about editing voices.

            2. Voice Splitting (Select + “H”)

              Music ministers and choir directors will find this tool extremely handy: Most hymnals and many choral scores group voices into 2-note chord clusters (SA/TB) instead of opposite note stems for each voice. SmartScore treats chord clusters as a single contrapuntal voice. Using the voice-splitting tool, you can split two-note clusters into separate voices (black and red) where each voice will have a unique instrument sound and each voiceline can be extracted to a separate document (See "Extracting Voices", Section 7.4.4, on page 127 for more details on extracting voices).

              To split all two-note clusters into two independent voices,

              a. Hit the “O” key or Select button to activate the Select tool.

              image b. Select Ctrl+A (Select all) to highlight all symbols in the document.


              c. Press the “H” key. This will separate two-note clusters into 2 voices.


              FIGURE 4 - 6: Splitting two-note chords into 2 voices


              TIP:Only two note clusters will split. If you wish to split clusters containing three or more notes, delete the least desirable note(s) from the cluster (“Z” key and “X” key) until you are left with two notes in each cluster.

            3. Assigning instruments to voices

              Assigning unique MIDI instruments adds richness and allows the user to distinguish con- trapuntal voices during playback. There are two areas where you can change MIDI instru- ment assignments for voices: inside the Playback Console and inside the System Manager.

              To change an instrument assignment of a voice in the Playback Console,


              1. Push the Playback Console button in the Toolbar to open it. The console may be opened with quick-keys (Ctrl+9 / Cmnd+9) or from the menu by selecting Play- back > Console.


                FIGURE 4 - 7: Changing MIDI instrument of a voice in Playback Console

              2. In any of the Voice column, click to select a new MIDI instrument.

              To change an instrument assignment of a voice in the System Manager,


              1. Open the System Manager (Ctrl+M) or select System Manager from Edit menu. All staves are displayed in horizontal rows as “Parts”. Voices are arranged in columns above each part (1 thru 4).

                FIGURE 4 - 8: Changing MIDI instrument of a voice in System Manager

              2. Find the voice number within the part you want to change. Click the MIDI instru- ment name assigned to that voice in the pull down menu. Select an alternative instrument. During playback, you will hear voices stand out from other voices provided you chose instruments with different timbres.


            4. Changing instrument sounds on the fly

              You can change instrument sounds anywhere in the score by applying a Program Change to a selected voices within any given measure.

              To apply a Program Change in the ENF notation view,

              1. Push the “Instrument Change” button in the ENF Toolbar.

              2. Position the note-arrow on the first note where the change should occur.

              3. Select a new instrument sound for that voice. If more than one voice is present in the measure, you will need to select the voice to which you want to apply the change.


              FIGURE 4 - 9: Correcting offset voices not “glued” after recognition.

            5. Correcting Vertical Alignment

              In printed music, noteheads belonging to different voices may appear side-by-side even though they are meant to sound simultaneously. During recognition, horizontal distances between offset noteheads are measured and a decision is made whether or not to join (or glue) notes to the same vertical event. It is possible that offset notes will not become glued due to excessive distance between the noteheads. It is also possible that notes will become incorrectly glued if they are too close. The default distance for joining noteheads to the same vertical event is 1/8th of a note head. This distances can be adjusted prior to recogni- tion. See "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36 for details on resetting the dis- tance for joining notes.

              Following recognition, check that Voice Visibility is on (See "Voice Visibility", Section 4.5.1, on page 56). If two notes with opposing stems both appear black and are meant to play simultaneously, they can be aligned as follows:

              To vertically align offset voices,


              1. Use the Select tool (“O” key) and highlight notes or rests that are horizontally offset (likely, they will both be black).

              2. Press the “Y” key to group the selected, offset notes into a single vertical event. Selected voices may move a bit and one should turn red.


                FIGURE 4 - 10: Correcting offset voices not “glued” after recognition.

                Similarly, if you see notes that belong in a single voice each displaying a different color (most likely black and red) and nearly touching, they are joined to the same vertical event and can easily be “unglued”...

                To “Unglue” offset notes which are not intended to play simultaneously,

                1. With the Select tool (“O” key), carefully select the incorrectly glued notes (NOTE: they will each have different colors). Be sure to select only the notes which are incorrectly joined.

                2. Hit the “Y” key. Joined notes separate and change color. Select again and hit the “Y” key once more to rejoin.

                See “Join Offset Voices” in "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36 to reset default distances prior to recognition. See also "Working with Contrapuntal Voices", Section 7.9, on page 159 for more information on editing voices and their affect on score playback.

          2. Repeats

            SmartScore will repeat properly-marked sections including multiple repeats and repeated endings. Also, playback can jump forward or jump back when properly marked. For more information, see "Jumps", Section 4.8, on page 63.


            To insert a repeat barline, repeat measure or any other repeat symbol,

            • Toggle the “C” key to enter Insert mode. Select any repeat symbol from “Bar- lines & Repeats” palette and click to place it.

              To change any current barline to a repeat barline,

            • Select a repeat barline from the “Barlines” palette. Click on any existing barline to change it to the selected barline.

              To delete any barline,

            • Quick-select (Ctl+click) on a barline (or select any barline from the “Barlines” palette). Hit the “X” key and click on the barline to delete it.

            NOTE: Do not delete a barline at the end of a system to change it; the following mea- sures will become reformatted. See "Deleting numbered endings and barlines at the end of systems", Section 4.7.1, on page 62.

            To insert a “Repeat Previous Measure” mark,

            a. Select the Repeat Previous Measure mark from palette. image b. In Insert mode, click into an empty measure.

            All notation present in the previous measure will automatically repeat itself during play- back.

            4.6.1 Repeated verses

            Many scores have multiple verses that repeat several times even though the music is writ- ten once and may or may not even have barlines (e.g. hymnals). Other scores have sec- tions marked only by single repeat barlines but are intended to repeat several times (e.g. the ending of a song with “repeat and fade”).

            To change how many times a section should be repeated,


            1. With the Properties tool selected, click on the Left Repeat barline that begins the section. The Barline Properties window will open.


              FIGURE 4 - 11: Selecting the number of verses to be repeated

            2. Select the number of desired repeats in the Repeat Section pull-down menu. Choices are from 1 to 8 repeats.

          3. Numbered Endings

        SmartScore can cope well with repeats, jumps and endings both simple and complex. For proper playback to occur, repeats and endings must be unambiguous and logical.

        With SmartScore’s alt repeat tool you are able to set the sequence of numbered endings as well as how many times they should repeat.

        To create a numbered ending or edit an existing numbered barline,


        1. Select Start Alt Rep button from the “Barlines and Repeats” palette then click on the appropriate barline to assign its sequence properties.

        2. The Repeats window will open. Choose “1” to assign the next repeat sequence as the first ending.

        3. The Close Ending tool will appear on the cursor. Click on the last barline that terminates the first ending. The cursor then switches again to the Start Ending tool.

        4. Click on barline that begins the second ending (it may be the same barline that closes the first ending). Choose “2” as the sequence number of the second end-


          image ing.

          FIGURE 4 - 12: Multiple Endings

        5. Finally, click the barline that “closes out” the last ending.

        Occasionally, you may wish to change an existing numbered barline to a “normal un-num- bered” barline. This would apply to a barline that was mis-recognized as being numbered or to undo a one that had been previous edited as numbered.

        To change a numbered ending barline to a “normal” barline,

        1. Ctrl + click on a nearby barline (or pick it off the Barlines palette). Click directly to the left of the numbered ending. This inserts the selected barline.

        2. Delete the numbered ending (hit the “X” key and click to delete).

        NOTE: Repeat barlines are critical for correct playback. Remember, the number given to each ending represents the order each ending will play within a repeated sec- tion. You can have multiple “1st & 2nd endings” provided each set of endings is placed inside repeat barlines. Without repeat bars, SmartScore will interpret it as “Repeat last section this number of times.”. Jumps are different... they are not sequential. For more information about non-sequential jumping, see "Repeated verses", Section 4.6.1, on page 60.

            1. Deleting numbered endings and barlines at the end of systems

              Numbered endings and barlines at the end of systems have special properties. They cannot be changed to “normal” barlines using the usual “Ctrl-click” or “Insert/Change” function.

              To delete and replace a numbered ending or barline at the end of a system,

              1. Insert the desired barline type to the left of the numbered ending that you wish to remove.

              2. Delete the original ending (hit “X” key and click). The measure will shift slightly to the left.

            2. Change of key/time and the double barline

        Usually, changes of time and key signatures at the end of a system are preceded by a dou- ble barline. If for any reason playback hesitates after a change of key or time signature, make sure the barline preceding the signature is actually a double barline. Two single bar- lines will cause playback to hesitate.Jumps

          1. Jumps

            Jump symbols may include segno, da capo,coda, to coda, fine and other markings indicat- ing where playback should stop and jump back, jump forward or be repeated and finally stop. To avoid discontinuity or endless looping (what we call the “bowl of spaghetti” prob- lem), it’s important that jumps be used logically.

            1. Working with the Coda

              A Coda sign generally marks the concluding passage of a piece. A To Coda sign is used to mark where a jump to the Coda begins; usually from inside a repeated passage.

              To insert a “jump to Coda” sign and mark the beginning of a Coda,


              1. Select the To Coda sign from the palette. Find the measure where playback begins its “jump” (usually at the end of a repeated section or numbered ending). Click on the barline to insert the To Coda sign. It will appear above the bar.

              2. Select the Coda sign from the “Barlines and Repeats” palette. In Insert mode, click on the barline where the coda is to begin, (usually near the end of the piece).

              NOTE: The Coda will not be played back until it is activated by the To Coda or d.s. al Coda sign.

            2. Working with the Segno

              image Segno means “sign”. It marks the beginning of a final repeat or ending. Segnos are usually positioned early on in the piece.

              To mark a final repeat with a segno,

              1. Select Segno from the “Barlines and Repeats” palette.

              2. Insert the Segno by clicking the barline that begins the last repeated ending or section.

              3. To stop a final repeat or ending, return to the Segno and continue on to the Coda,

              select d.s. al Coda (meaning “from the sign to the Coda”).

              To have a final repeat or ending return to the beginning of the piece and terminate at the

              Segno sign,

              • Select d.c. al Segno (meaning “from the beginning up to the sign”) and insert it by clicking on the barline in the last ending or repeat where playback is to return. The repeated section will return to the beginning of the score and play through to the Segno.

                NOTE: To Coda, Segno, d.s. al Coda, D.S., D.C. and d.s. al Fine signs are all ignored until an ending or repeat is played once.

            3. Working with the da Capo (D.C.), dal Segno (D.S.), and Fine signs

        D.C. (da capo) means “from the beginning” or “return to the beginning”.

        To have playback return to the beginning of the piece and play through to the end,

  5. Basic Score Editing


    This section describes basic SmartScore editing features. For information on advanced editing techniques such as part extraction, optimizing scores, managing systems, applying or changing instrument templates, reformatting, respacing, page reformatting, print setup and part linking, turn to Chapter "Detailed ENF Editing", Section 7), on page 115. Many editing and playback default settings are accessible in either Document Preferences or Program Preferences under the Edit menu. See "Preferences", Section 11.1, on page 225 for details.

    1. Navigating Inside an ENF Document

          1. Active staffline

            Only one staff can be edited at a time. Positioning your mouse over a staff will cause it to highlight black. Objects associated with the highlighted staff (including text and lyrics) can then be edited. You can choose to display just the active staff or to all staves in black.

            To display all staff lines in solid black,

            • Go to the View menu and uncheck Show Active Staff.

              To lock the active staff and allow the mouse to move anywhere,

            • Hit the Caps Lock key. To unlock the active staff, press again.

          2. Page View Display

            Several ENF page view layouts are available after scanning.

            To select a different page view layout,

            • Click on any one of four page view buttons in lower Status Bar.


              FIGURE 5 - 1: Page View Buttons

              • View ENF pages horizontally

              • View pages vertically

              • View pages in book format (facing pages)

              • View score in horizontal scroll format (long view)

            NOTE: Whenever the ENF and TIFF view panes loose synchronization, e.g. in Long View mode or after score reformatting, the Image display pane will close and the “Scan View” window will appear instead. Closing the Scan View window will re-initialize normal Image / ENF view panes.

          3. Scan View Window

      The TIF/ENF split screen format can be changed to display only the ENF view with a floating “scan view window” corresponding to the same region in the scanned image where your cursor is placed.

      To view full-screen ENF pane with a floating scan window:

  6. Reformatting, Part Extraction & Page Setup (Score Structure)



    The MIDI Edition will allow you to edit the score and even reformat page layout, etc. However, since MIDI Edition does not print, it doesn’t make a lot of sense to spend time changing score layout because this edition will only create MIDI files and/or burn to CD.

    1. Reformatting scores in ENF view

      Measures, staff lines, systems and even pages can be resized, compressed or expanded while maintaining proper note spacing. Parts can be extracted from the score and/or recombined to form conductor’s scores. Page layout and margins can then be selected, modified and previewed prior to printing.

      NOTE: It’s best to correct mistakes before reformatting the score because synchroniza- tion between the ENF window and the original scan window (in yellow) will probably become lost. Even if synchronization is lost, a floating Scan View refer- ence window is available. For more details, see "Split-screen and scan view ref- erence views", Section 7.11.1, on page 164.

          1. Nudge Mode (Barlines)

            Several interesting and useful reformatting possibilities can be applied when barlines are repositioned in Nudge mode:

          2. Adjusting measures

            Measures can be compressed or expanded in Nudge mode. This may cause measures to scroll from system to system. Also, the number of measures per line may be set to a fixed number. These actions will cause the score to reformat.

            For more details, see "Repositioning measures using barlines", Section 7.5.6, on page 132. For setting fixed number of measures per system, see “Set Number of Mea- sures” in Section 7.3.2, "Staff Properties" on page 122.

          3. Horizontal Reformatting

      System widths can be changed one-by-one or globally.

      To globally change system widths,

  7. Detailed ENF Editing


    1. Quick Keys


      TIP: Refer to the Quick Keys map (FIGURE 7 - 4:) for a graphic depiction of all SmartScore keyboard shortcut keys.

          1. Quick-select (Ctrl + Click)

            The fastest way to choose any object for inserting, deleting or changing is to Quick-select it first. Ctrl + Click on any object inside the active staff and the cursor inherits all of that object’s attributes.The cursor becomes any object that is Quick-Selected.

          2. Inserting and changing symbols (“C”)

            To insert a symbol anywhere in the active staffline,

            1. Toggle the “C” key to activate the Insert mode.

            2. Quick-select any symbol or select it from a tool palette.

            3. Click inside the active staff to insert the object.

            To change the rhythmic value of an existing note or rest,

            1. Quick-select (Ctrl+click) a nearby note or rest having the desired value. Or select a new value from the “Notes” or “Rests” palette.

            2. Position the cursor over the symbol to be changed until it highlights yellow. Click to change it to the selected value.

            NOTE: When you Quick-select on any object inside the active staff, the palette associ- ated with the object will open.

          3. Deleting notes and symbols (“X”)

            To delete an object in the active staff,

            1. Quick-select (Ctrl + Click) a note or non-lyric symbol.

            2. Press the “X” key and click on any note or non-lyric symbol to delete it.

            To delete one or more object using the Select tool,

            1. Press the Select tool icon in the Toolbar.

            2. Click on an object or drag a region to select one or more objects.

            3. Hit the Delete key to delete selected object(s).

          4. Select tool (“O”)


      Use the Select tool to highlight one or more objects for single or mass editing functions such as copying, deleting, splitting voices, flipping stem directions and joining notes of different voices to a vertical event. The “O” key activates this tool. Its button is found in the Toolbar.

      TIP: Use the Select tool + Delete key to remove any object other than lyrics and bar- image lines. It is especially useful for removing a large number of spurious or

      unwanted text or multiple objects that do not delete easily with the “X” key.

      To delete one or more objects including notes, rests and symbols,

      1. Push the Select tool icon in the Toolbar (“O” key) and click on an object or drag to select multiple objects to delete.

      2. Hit the Delete key.

      NOTE: Occasionally, you might find an area full of incorrectly recognized ties and/or slurs or hairpins. Use this tool to “mass-delete” these objects.

          1. a Cut, Copy, Paste, Insert and Merge selected symbols

            Refer to Section 11.3.3 through Section 11.3.5b for details on how to use the Select Tool to clone measures or entire score segments and place them elsewhere in the music.

          2. Using the Select Tool (“O”) to edit selected objects

      A group of selected notes on the same staff can be transformed into one beamed group if they are flagged or they can be pitch-shifted at once.

      To convert a sequence of flagged notes into one beamed group,

      1. Use the Select tool (“O”) to select a group of adjacent flagged notes to be beamed together.

      2. Hit the “B” key to form the flagged notes into a beamed group.

        To move a selected group of notes upwards or downwards in pitch, To delete spurious articulations on a page,

      3. Use the Select tool (“O”) to select an entire region for cleanup. Edit > Select All

        (Ctrl + A) will select everything on the current page.

      4. Hit the “G” key. Only articulations will be deleted. All other notation objects remain unaffected.

        1. Transposition

          SmartScore offers several types of transposition options depending on your needs. You can transpose by key, the most common type of transposition. Transposing by clef is use- ful for transforming one instrument to another written in another clef sign. You can also choose to transpose by altering note pitches only, either considering the active key signa- ture or by ignoring the active key signature. Using the Limit option, you can choose a specified range, part or voice to transpose.

          To Transpose your entire ENF document to a new key,

          1. Position your cursor inside the first staffline of the score. Press Ctrl + T / Cmnd


            + T for Mac or select the Transpose button in the Toolbar or select Transpose from the Edit menu. The window in Transposition always displays the key signa- ture or clef sign of the active staff. This is your source key.


            FIGURE 7 - 7: Transposition window

          2. Select a new target key or target clef for the score by selecting either the Key or

            Clef tab. Scroll up or down to select a target key signature or target clef.

          3. Closest allows SmartScore to automatically choose up or down based on the least number of intervals. To choose the direction manually, select either Up or Down.

      NOTE: It is recommended that you fully edit your score before transposing. If your score contains incorrect change-of-key signatures and/or guitar fret and chord symbols, it may be hard to Undo properly. Also, the scanned score won’t transpose and visual checking of pitches will be difficult after transposition.

          1. Transposition Strategy

            You can choose two “strategies” for transposing your scores: Link Accidentals to Key

            and Keep Line-space.

            • Link Accidentals to Key

              This choice will consider the target key signature during transposition. If the target key belongs to the opposite class than that of the source key (e.g. transposing from a key with sharps to a target key with flats), then accidentals may be swapped to their harmonic equivalents.

            • Keep Line-Space

              This choice will retain exact relationships between intervals after transposition is com- pleted. Accidentals will generally remain fixed. No attempt will be made to swap har- monic equivalents of accidentals. For example, c and d# may transpose up to c# and d double-#.

            • Transpose Symbols

              To transpose guitar fret and chord symbols to match the new target key, check this box. This selection will also move articulations, such as slurs, up or down along with notes and rests. If necessary, guitar fret and chord symbols may move up to avoid collisions with upwardly-transposed notes.

            • Ask For New Chord Symbol

              This option allows you to accept or change each transposed guitar fret and chord symbol during transposition. Use this option when you know you won’t accept default fretboard patterns or when you know you will need to add new fret and chord symbols to the library.

            • Adjust Stems

              Stem directions will be maintained unless this box is checked. It is important to remember, however, that adjusting the direction of stems may create voicing problems. Automatic voiceline recognition relies heavily on stem directions. Flipping stems as they cross the mid-staff point can create unexpected results. Best Bet: Adjust Stems = Off. Use Undo (Ctrl + Z / Cmnd + Z for Mac) if necessary.

            • Move Notes

              Uncheck this box to leave the notes in their original positions. This will transpose only key signatures, leaving notes unchanged... good for mental games, but not much more.

              • Change Pitch

            This transposes notes without changing the key signature. Select the number of half-steps to move selected notes (harmonic pitch shift). Pitches are moved by a uniform interval while considering the key signature. Change Pitch can be used in conjunction with Limits tab.

            TIP: To shift the pitch of a small range of notes, it is easier to use the Select tool (O).

            image Hold the Shift key down, drag the selected notes up or down.

          2. Limit Transposition

      You may limit transposition to a part or voice or to a selected range within the ENF score.

      To limit transposition by part, voice or range,

      1. Click on the Limit tab at the top of the Transposition window.


        FIGURE 7 - 8: Limit Transposition

      2. Choose All Parts, or select individual parts by name to transpose. If you select a single part, you may also limit the scope of transposition to a single voiceline. In the Part Voice box, select the voice to transpose.

      3. To limit transposition by range, choose Selected Area (range must already be highlighted by the Select tool) or by Measure number.

      4. Click OK to transpose with selected limits applied.

        1. Score Properties

          The “Score Properties” window contains powerful options for controlling staff and system spacing, bracketing and part linking (for re-linking parts in optimized systems). Other major editing functions include adding or removing a part (staff) to the score (Section 7.3.8), adding or deleting a system(Section 7.3.7) and appending a score-part to the ENF file (Section 7.3.9).

          1. Select “Score Properties” from the FILE menu, Or, with Properties Tool selected, right-click (alt / option + click for Mac) inside any staff line of any system.



      FIGURE 7 - 9: Score Properties (Right-click inside staff line)

          1. Line/staff spacing

            With the Score Properties window open, select “Staff / Line Spacing”.


            FIGURE 7 - 10: Line/staff spacing window

            The Spacing window provides a method to make and uniformly apply changes in staff and system distances to the remainder of the score. Measurements shown are numerical representations of distances for all staff lines the active system. Changes to staff line and system spacing can be made on a system-by-system basis using colored spacing tabs along the left-hand ruler. See "Vertical Reformatting (Line, staff and system spacing using tabs)", Section 6.2.

            Here are some practical examples:

            • Improve page layout by optimizing number systems in pages.

            • Create piano accompaniments with smaller (reduced) solo parts.

            • Create large-notehead (“E-Z Read” format) scores.

            • Resize staves converted from TAB to melody and vice-versa.

              To numerically change staffline and system spacing,

              1. Select FILE > “Score Properties”.Or, Right-click (alt + click for Mac) inside a staff line. In Score Properties, choose “Line/staff spacing” among the options.

              2. Make changes to staff line distances and to top / bottom staff spacing in the active system. Push OK to view changes.

                To apply distance changes to other systems in the score,

                1. Once changes in distances are confirmed in the ENF display, right-click on the source system and select Staff Line Spacing again to continue.

                2. In the Copy Settings To area, select either “Next Systems” or “All Systems”. Next Systems will change subsequent systems and All Systems will change all systems in the score.

                3. Push Copy to apply the changes. Push OK to close the window.

              • Use the Next System or Previous System buttons to compare settings. To visually

              check changes in the ENF display, push OK and examine changes made.

          2. Staff Properties

            With Properties Tool arrow, click into any yellow marker to the left of a staff line.


            image Staff properties for that part are shown in the window.

            FIGURE 7 - 11: Staff Properties window

            Editable properties include:

          3. Bracketing: See "Bracketing", Section 8.4.3, on page 183.

          4. System Manager: See "System Manager", Section 7.4, on page 124.

          5. Part Linking: See "Re-linking parts", Section 4.14, on page 80.

            The following sections of the Score Properties window (File > Score Properties) addresses adding/removing parts (staff lines), systems, pages and score parts to the score.

          6. Add empty page

            This command will append an empty page to the end of the score.

          7. System > Insert above/Insert below/Remove

            Select one of these commands to insert a new, empty system above or below the active system or to delete the active system.

            NOTE: Added systems will include every part contained in the Super System. See Sec- tion 7.4.6, "Super System" for details. If it’s necessary, individual parts (staff lines) within any system can be optimized or made “invisible”. Refer to “Visibil- ity” in "Staff Properties", Section 7.3.2 for details

          8. Staff / Part > Insert / Remove

            Use to insert a new part into the score or to remove the active staff line from the system. The “Insert” command is identical to the “Add Part” button found in the System Manager (see "Adding a new part to the score", Section 7.4.5, on page 127). The “Remove” com- mand removes only the active staff line from the current system. To remove an entire part from the score, refer to "Deleting parts", Section 7.4.8, on page 129

          9. Score-Part > Insert above/Insert below/Remove

            Select one of these commands to insert a new, empty Score-Part or to remove the active Score-Part. A Score-Part is one of a multiple set of pages for a piece that is scored for sep- arately-sheeted parts. For details, see "Scanning Part Scores (Score-Parts)", Section 3.6, on page 39.

          10. Ossia

            Use this tool to delete or insert an ossia above or below the active staff. Inserted ossias are editable just as any normal staffline except that ossias are not played back.


            FIGURE 7 - 12: Ossia

            To resize an ossia,

            1. Hold the Shift key down (Nudge mode) and drag either of the control points at either end of the ossia. Barline, key and time signature information is inherited from its associated staffline.

            2. Re-space ossias using tabs in the left margin just as any staffline.

          11. TAB

            This command opens the “Staff Properties” window and applies “6-string guitar” TAB

          12. Go to.


      Beam colliding with note stems.


      Drag beam control point to alter stem orientation


      Drag beam control point to change beam angle

      FIGURE 7 - 9: Controlling cross-staff beams

          1. Cross-measure beaming


            To create a cross-measure beam,

            1. Insert a flagged note on either side of a barline.

            2. Use the Select tool to highlight both notes and hit the “B” key.

          2. Overlapping or offset noteheads

            Two notes in different voices can share the same pitch at the same time. You can choose whether note heads of different voices should overlap one another or become horizontally offset.

            To allow offset note heads,

            • Check off “Overlap Notes” in Edit > Document Preferences > Score Symbols > Overlap mode. Playback will not be affected whether note heads are offset or overlap.

        1. Hidden Symbols


          You can insert any symbol and have it hidden from normal view as well as keep- ing it from being printed. You may need to add a extra rests for correct playback, but you don’t not want them all to be visible. Another example would be “implied” triplets... you may want to show only the first few and “hide” the rest. Hidden Symbols will also display the range of certain symbols such as 8va, 8vb, ritard, accelerando or descelerando. Holding the SHIFT button down will also display effective ranges for these symbols (see "Pitch shift (Nudge mode)", Section 5.2.1, on page 88

          To insert a hidden notation object,

          • Push the Hide/Show Symbol button in the Toolbar. Insert any notation object nor- mally. Symbols entered in Hidden Symbols will appear as a lighter color than when entered normally.

          In the following example, the measure in question has only 1 beat written into the upper part and 2 beats written in the lower part. Inserting 2 hidden rests in the upper and one hid- den rest in the lower corrects error.


          Recognized measure (w/ cross-staff voice)


          Corrected measure

          (w/ rests placed in Hidden mode)

          To view ranges of dynamics and tempos,

          a. Push the Hide/Show Symbol button. Dynamics or tempos which were applied to a range of notes will appear as follows:


          FIGURE 7 - 10: Hidden range of an accelerando

          Push again to exit Hidden Symbols mode. “Hidden” symbols do not appear in normal mode and will not print.

        2. More ENF navigating

          1. Split-screen and scan view reference views

            Both the ENF view (white) and the image reference view (yellow) appear in “split screen” format immediately following recognition. Alternative reference views include a floating “Scan view window” and “Overlay with fader” feature (Mac only).

            NOTE: After reformatting a system, page or score, the floating scan view window will automatically open.



            Default Split Screen Floating Scan View window


            TIFF / ENF Transparency Overlay (Mac only)

            FIGURE 7 - 1: Scan Reference Views

            To choose an alternative reference view,

            a. Go to View > Split Screen and select an alternative reference view option. Mac Only: Try the TIFF / ENF transparency overlay with fader.

            To view a variable ENF transparency over the TIFF pane,

            1. Go to View menu and select “Split Screen > Overlay”.

            2. Use the variable transparency fader to the right of the Toolbar to adjust the opaqueness of the top ENF pane.

            To activate the floating Scan View window,

            1. Go to View menu, select “Scan View Window”.

            2. To increase or decrease zoom view of the window, choose either Zoom 25% or Zoom 50% from the View > Scan View window.

          2. Scrolling

            Use the scroll bar and up/down arrows to the right of the ENF window. You may also use the arrow keys located on your computer keyboard to scroll up, down, left, and right in an ENF document.

          3. Paging

            To page forward or backward in an ENF document,


            Use the “Next page” / “Previous page” buttons located in the Toolbar or push the double paging arrows at the lower right-hand corner of the SmartScore window.

          4. Jump To Page: (Ctrl +G or Cmnd+G for Mac)

            While editing, you can go to any page or measure in ENF file.

            To open the GoTo… window

            1. Choose the View menu and select Go To... (Ctrl+G or Cmnd+G for Mac).


              FIGURE 7 - 2: Go To window

            2. Select whether it is a Part, Page or Measure you wish to jump to.

            3. Enter the Part, Page or Measure number.

            Checking the Open Target in New View box will open a new ENF at the targeted Part, Page or Measure. Push OK to jump.

        3. MIDI to ENF


          SmartScore accepts any Standard MIDI file and converts it to an ENF file. Since printing is disabled, SmartScore MIDI Edition does not include MIDI to ENF.

          To create an ENF document from a MIDI file,

          1. Select File > Open and change the file type pull-down menu from SmartScore Files to MIDI Files. All MIDI files in the given directory will appear in the selection window. Double-click on a selected MIDI file to open.

          2. The Playback Console window will appear with a MIDI Overview representation in the background. To hear the file playback, push the Play button in the console.

          3. To convert the MIDI file into SmartScore notation, push the Close button in the Playback Console. Closing the console will begin the conversion process.


          FIGURE 7 - 3: MIDI to ENF window

          • Staff Voicing

            Choose the number of contrapuntal voices you wish to see in the converted ENF file.

            NOTE: It is unusual to have more than 2 voices in most music. For neatness sake, 1 or 2 voices is a goo

          • Density

            • Measures per System determines the number of evenly spaced measures per system. Automatic is recommended.

            • Systems per Page determines the number of evenly spaced systems per page. Automatic is recommended.

          • Quantization

            SmartScore can quantize the MIDI file that will be converted. Each note event will “snap to” the nearest beat boundary eliminating fluctuations in the timing of a MIDI perfor- mance.

            MIDI files created with “free tempo” (rubato) will probably have many irregular note divisions and odd-looking timing as SmartScore attempts to “compartmentalize” notes “off-the-beat”.

          • Check None to prevent the application of quantization.

          • Use Note On/ Note Off to determine the smallest rhythmic values used to when spell- ing note start times (Note On) and end times (Note Off) in the ENF document.

          • Use Note On/ Note Duration to determine the smallest rhythmic values used to when spelling note start times (Note On) and the minimum length of each note (Note Dura- tion) in the ENF document.

            • Shorten each note to the last Note Duration value.

            • Lengthen each note to the next Note Duration value

            • Justify each note to the nearest Note Duration value.


              TIP: If the resulting ENF file has many stand-alone flagged notes, try reducing the Quantization value (e.g. to 1/8th notes).

          • Divide By Beats: When ON, resulting ENF file will interpret measure lengths by number of beats and insert change-of-time signatures if beats of each measure do not correspond to the default time signature. Turn OFF to lock default time signature.

          • Smooth Voices: When ON, contrapuntal voices will be interpreted as continuous lines whenever practical. When OFF, contrapuntal voice will be interpreted loosely.

        4. Troubleshooting ENF Problems

      Table 1: Troubleshooting ENF Problems


      Probable Cause


      Notes and symbols appear as large letters.

      Font association lost.

      Reinstall Chopin10 font. Font is located in the SmartScore directory.

      Measures outlined in a red color.

      Incorrect rhythm in one or more voices.

      Edit voicelines to agree with time signature.

      Pickup or closeout mea- sure highlights red & doesn’t play smoothly.

      Voiceline durations do not agree with the current time signature

      With Properties tool selected, click on barline that begins the measure. Select “As written”.

      Only one system high- lights black at a time.

      View active staffline is ON (default selection).

      Check off View Active Staffline in View menu.

      Measure remains high- lighted but measure plays back smoothly.

      Secondary voice may be truncated (not fully com- pleted in the measure).

      This is a common con- vention in music notation. May be left as is.

      Can’t delete an object when “X” key is pushed.

      Actual object must be selected first.

      “Ctrl + click” the object before deleting. Or, sim- ply use the Select tool (“O” key) & drag around an object then hit Delete.

      New note is inserted when trying to change an existing note.

      Existing note was not highlighted yellow when clicked.

      Yellow-highlighted notes will be changed to new value. Blue inserts new note at same time slice.

      Measures unexpectedly roll from one system to another.

      Barlines at the end or beginning of measures may have been deleted.

      Restore the number of measures per system by opening Staff Properties with Properties tool.

      Systems unexpectedly roll from one page to another.

      Line, staff or system spacing may have been changed.

      Readjust spacing tabs in left margin until systems are restored to page.

      Table 1: Troubleshooting ENF Problems


      Probable Cause


      Staffline missing from system

      Staffline cut off or during scanning or was not localized during Recog- nition.

      Restore missing staff. See "Restoring a missed or “invisible” staff line",

      Section 4.13.2, on

      page 78

      Wrong part suddenly plays.

      Expanding / collapsing score; Part / instrument linking lost.

      Reassign parts in system. See Section 4.14

      Display shows notes as brightly colored or with green vertical lines or with a solid orange hori- zontal line along the staff line.

      ENF display is in Hidden Objects, Tempo or Veloc- ity controller mode.

      Exit Hidden mode. See “Hidden Symbols” on page 163, “Velocity Con- troller” on page 75 or “Tempo Controller” on page 75.


      For Windows

      9x I 2x I NT I ME I XP







      EN F Editor Quick Keys Map











      Cntl + Active System = Hold Cntl maintains current system as Active System while cursor

      -moves outside system.

      SINGLE I


      DELETE I

      Re-link Parts

      Barline (Insert/ Delete)

      N g



      With CNTL

      E Error Che<k

      ft - Paste / Replace

      T - Tran51>0Se

      I- New MIDIView

      S - ln.slrurnenl Templates

      C .Go 10 Page l - Part Linking 8 - Bracketing

      M - Master System

      9 - Playb;Kt< Console

      I I


      Beam Direction Toggle Stem Direction Toggle

      Dot (Insert I Delete)

      Unify Key,Time, Clef

      . --Join Selected Voices

      .... Split Voices

      .... Select Region to Beam Notes

      Select Region to Delete Ties

      ------Tie (Insert I Delete)

      ..... Flag I Beam Toggle





      c... -:

      c g



      Jj" '-l


      For Macintosh

      ENF Editor Quick Keys Map

      Nudge Mode

      Cnll + Click -Quick-Select:

      0 "'

      Clicked object becomes selected I I

      ("/} ,0




      (1> rn


      for Insert and Change actions.

      Cnll + Active System = Ilold Cnll maintains current system as Active System vhi e cursor moves outside system.


      DELETE /

      Swap Noteheads Barline (Insert I Delete)

      Unify Key,Time,Clef

      N -@


      Wi hlll Ojlhc>o key

      With9 key


      - n.pnote*""


      v - lta<enr hrOr«-. f'i.tfdtol\,l.\_"W


      C - Eml<Ch«


      R - .,I< Rq>l.K• INSERT I

      T-,, """',.

      l·f\.a, MIOl\.'lif"

      S IMl-T

      I I

      --Glue I Unglue Selected Voices

      ---Split Selected Clusters

      ---Beam Selected Notes


      Beam Direction Toggle

      Delete Slurs from Region




      • ""' Stem Direction Toggle


      "-lt..H...- Doi (Insert Delete)

      • ---- Tie (Insert I Delete)


  8. Editing Text, Lyrics & Symbols



    This section covers editing text, lyrics and chord symbols. SmartScore attempts to distinguish between “dumb” and “smart” text when music is recognized. Dynamic and tempo markings written as text are “smart” as are chord symbols. Annotations, rehearsal markings and fingerings are “dumb”.

    1. Lyrics

      A lyric “block” is a string of characters equivalent to a spoken syllable. Out of recogni- tion, a lyric block becomes associated with a single note or rest in the staffline immedi- ately above it. Locating the note or rest associated with a lyric block is as simple as searching directly above the center-justified lyric block. All lyric blocks within stafflines are horizontally linked and are separated from each other by dashes, underlines and/or periods.

      NOTE: Text and lyrics have different colors. Text is black, lyrics are blue. Text and lyric colors are changeable.

      NOTE: Lyrics sometimes appear below a system (e.g. some choral scores) and a special option should be selected before Recognition. See Lyrics Under Last Staff of Systems in "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36.

      image TIP:Move notes in Nudge mode (Shift) to verify lyric-to-note associations.

      To edit lyrics,


      1. Push the “L” button in the Toolbar to enter Lyric mode.

      2. Click into a lyric block or on an associated note or rest. Once highlighted, text within the block can be edited like normal text.

      3. Click and drag inside a lyric block to highlight characters for editing. Use the left arrow, right arrow or spacebar on your keyboard to navigate within a lyric block. Once positioned, type normally.

      4. Characters can also be cut, copied or pasted to other lyric blocks using standard Ctrl + “X”, “C” and “V” keyboard shortcuts (Cmnd + “X”, “C” and “Vfor Mac).

      5. To edit a lyric block below the current line of lyrics, click into the topmost line of lyrics and use the down arrow key. Cursor will enter the next block in lyric line immediately below.

      6. To create a new lyric line, hit Return anywhere in a lyric line. A new lyric line will be created at the first note of the system.

      7. Push “L” again (Toolbar) to exit Lyric Edit.

        To move lyrics up or down between staves,

        1. Hold the Shift key down (Nudge mode), locate the yellow control handle along the left-most barline of the system.

        2. Drag the control handle up or down to move entire lyric block.


        FIGURE 8 - i: Nudge mode - repositioning Lyrics


        TIP:You may also change lyric font size. See "Adding and changing styles of Text and Lyrics", Section 8.2.2, on page 176.

            1. Dashes, spaces and underscores

              Dashes, spaces and underscores are special characters used to separate lyric blocks. Typ- ing any of these characters will move the cursor to the next block. The Backspace key deletes dashes, spaces and underscores.

              In the following example, the block “der-” was missed in recognition. The cursor was positioned at the end of the previous block. A dash was entered to create a new “syllabic” block and the correct text was then entered.


              FIGURE 8 - 2: Editing Lyrics

                • Dash = Moves the cursor to next lyric block and inserts a dash. Normally used to con- nect multiple syllables within a single word.

                  • Space = Moves the cursor to the next lyric block. Normally used to separate words. Does not insert a dash or an underline.

                  • Underline = Normally used as a “miasma”, an underline indicates that one vocal sound should be extended over two or more beats. Inserting creates an underline up to the next block. Entering multiple underlines will string them together over several lyric blocks.

                  • Backspace = Deletes characters inside a lyric block. Also deletes hyphens when back- spacing from one lyric block to the next.

                  • Enter = Creates a new lyric line and positions cursor in the first lyric block below beginning note or rest of the staffline.

            2. Verifying vertically aligned voices

        Nudging note heads horizontally is a good way to verify that a particular lyric block is indeed associated with a note stem. In a similar way, Nudge mode is useful in verifying that vertical events are properly aligned. Refer to "Checking vertical alignment of voices", Section 7.9.3 for more information.

        To verify vertical alignment of two or more voices in Nudge mode,

        Horizontally nudge the upper note (Voice #1) of a vertically aligned set of notes and/or rests. All vertically aligned (joined) notes or rests will move together.

          1. Text mode

            1. Entering and editing text

              To enter Text mode for editing or creating “dumb” text,


              1. Push the “T” button in the Text and Controller Toolbar.

                Text fields are associated with the nearest staffline. To ensure text is associated with a particular staff, move the cursor over the staff first.

              2. Click anywhere and begin typing.

              NOTE: It will not be possible to do other sorts of editing other than text or lyrics in either of these modes. It will be necessary to push “T” or “L” again to exit the mode first.

              To edit a text field,

              1. While in Text mode, click anywhere inside a text field.

              2. Drag left or right to highlight one or more characters within the field. Typing will replace the characters. Hit the Delete key to remove highlighted characters. Text

              can also be cut, copied or pasted elsewhere using standard Ctrl +“X”, “C” and “V” shortcuts (Cmnd + “X”, “C” and “Vfor Mac).

              To delete text fields,

              1. To delete more than one text field, use the Select tool (“O” key) to select and highlight text in yellow. Hit the Delete (Del) key removes all highlighted text fields.

              2. Quick-select (Ctrl+click) any text field, hit the “X” key (cursor goes grey) and click again on any text field to remove it.

            2. Adding and changing styles of Text and Lyrics

              Out of recognition, text and lyrics are matched to the closest font type and size available. You can modify the font type, size and color of all text or lyric styles. Changing the style of the lyric block will change ALL lyrics because lyric have only one style and text fields can be assigned many different styles.


              FIGURE 8 - 3: Changing Text and Lyric styles

              1. o modify font styles of text fields and lyric blocks,

                1. Push the “T” button to enter Text mode. Click into any text field. While the cur- sor is blinking, right-click (alt/option + click for Mac) to open the Style window.

                2. For lyrics, push the “L” button and click on either the associated note or rest or directly into a lyric field. Right-click to open the Style window (alt / option + click for Mac).

                  The current text style will be highlighted in the Text Style window.

                3. Click on the style you wish to change. Select “Modify Style” and enter new font characteristics and push “OK”.

              You may also add a new style to the list for continued use later.

              To add a new style,

              • Select “Add style” and enter new font characteristics. Push “OK” and then give it a name (e.g. “Fingering”).

              NOTE: The styles window is also accessible by pushing the “Text Styles” button in File

              > Document Preferences.

            3. Nudging text

              To nudge text,

              1. Hold the Shift button down to enter Nudge mode.

              2. Each text field has a small yellow box to its left.

              3. Click and drag the box to reposition the text field to where you want it.

              To move multiple text fields,

              1. Use the Select Tool and drag the cursor to highlight a multiple text fields. Release the mouse button. Selected text fields will turn from yellow to green-grey.

              2. Hold the Shift button down to activate Nudge mode.

              NOTE: Dragging one control box of a highlighted text field will move all selected text fields together

          2. Music Symbols

            1. Guitar Fret and Chord Symbols


              Guitar fret diagrams are recognized automatically. Chord symbols written as text can be recognized and automatically converted to fret symbols when Recognize Text Symbols as Chords option is selected prior to scanning. See "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36. When transposing key signatures, fret sym- bols transpose and root names will automatically be updated.

            2. Choosing a fret / chord symbol from the library,

              If no chord or fret symbol was recognized, one can be selected and inserted using the Gui- tar Chord Library (GCL).


              1. Push the fretboard button in the Toolbar or Ctrl + click on any chord symbol nearby.

              2. Click above the topmost staff where you want the symbol to be inserted.

              3. The Guitar Chord Library and editor will open.


                FIGURE 8 - 4: Guitar frets and chord symbols library

              4. Select a Root chord. Add a Sharp, Flat, Tonality, Extension and Augmenta- tion as necessary.

              5. If the selected chord name matches one stored in the library, a corresponding fret configuration will appear in the right window.

                NOTE: If there are multiple fret configurations for the same chord name, the box next to

                Primary will be checked. Use the Index scroller to search for alternatives.

              6. Push OK. The fret / chord symbol will appear where you previously clicked.

            3. Changing Chord and Fret symbols

              If a fret / chord is incorrectly recognized, you can quickly fix it; often by acquiring the value of a nearby chord which is correct.

              To copy the value of one fret / chord symbol and apply it to another,

              1. Ctrl + click on a chord symbol that is identical or similar to the correct chord name. That chord’s configuration will be inherited and stored by the cursor.

              2. Right-click (Option + click for Mac) on the chord symbol that you wish to change. The stored (correct) chord will then appear in the Guitar Chord Library. If you are satisfied with the naming and fingering of the displayed chord, push OK. The correct configuration will be applied to the old chord.

              To change an existing chord by selecting one from the library,

              1. Select “Guitar Chord Library” from the FILE menu. Or, Ctrl + click on a chord symbol to be changed. Click on the chord again to open the Guitar Chord Library.

              2. Change the root chord, tonality or other extension. Fingerings associated with the selected configuration will appear in the diagram to the right.

              3. Click OK once you have found an acceptable chord name / fingering configura- tion. The chord will become updated.

              If you are unhappy with the fingering diagram or fret positioning of any particular chord, you can permanently change it.

              To change the fingering configuration of an existing fret symbol,

              1. Push the Change button in the main GCL window to open the Change Guitar Chord editor.

              2. Select the Frets tab to open the fingering and frets editor. Edit options are as fol- lows:.


                FIGURE 8 - 5: Guitar Chord Library - Fingering Editor

                • Right-click (Option + click for Mac) on any finger marker inside the fretboard to remove it.

                • Clear All (grid) removes all current finger markers in fretboard.

                • String Marker (dot) places a finger marker on any string between frets on the fret- board. Clicking above the fretboard nut (thick line) places an open string symbol (open dot) at any string position.

                  • Barre Marker (arc) places a barre marker above the fretboard by dragging above the nut. When dragged across strings inside the fretboard, the barre marker is positioned between frets.

                  • Mute-string marker (x) places an X above any string position to indicate a muted string. When clicked above the nut, any finger marker of that string is deleted.

                  • For banjo, ukulele, bass or other non-six string fretted instrument or for chords that require more range than 4 frets, choose the configuration you wish from Strings x Frets combo box.

                  • To show fingerings in other than 1st position, choose from Position Selector. The solid line represents the fret position.

              3. Once changes have been made, push Done. The original configuration will be permanently replaced when you press OK. If you made a mistake, push Cancel and try again.

            4. Creating a new chord symbol / fret configuration

              If the particular chord symbol or fingering configuration you want does not exist, you can add it to the chord library.


              1. Push the Guitar Chord button in the Toolbar. The cursor will become a grid. Click where you want to insert a new chord above a staff line. (Be sure the cor- rect staff is “active”)

              2. In the main GCL window, select a Root chord name. Add Sharp, Flat, Tonality, Extension and Augmentation. If the selected configuration does not exist, no diagram will show.

              3. Push the Add button to open the Add Guitar Chord editor.

              4. Make chord configuration selections in the Label tab and desired fret and finger- ing settings in the Frets tab.

              5. Once changes have been made, push Done. In the main GCL window, push OK

              is drop the new chord in place.

            5. Adding additional fret configurations to the library

              You may wish to add alternative fingering configurations to other chord symbols which share the same chord name. Also, following recognition, you may see some fret symbols without chord names. These can also be configured and added to the library.

              To add alternative fret configurations to the Guitar Chord Library,

              1. Ctrl + click on any existing chord symbol or push the fretboard button in the Toolbar so the cursor becomes a grid.

              2. Click on top of any fret symbol or click anywhere above a staffline to open the chord library.

              3. Push the Add button in the main GCL window to open the Add New Chord edi- tor.

              4. Make chord configuration selections in the Label tab and desired fret and finger- ing settings in the Frets tab.

              5. Push Done. A notice may appear telling you that another fret configuration with the same chord name exists. When asked if you want to add the new chord to the library, select “Yes”.

            6. Guitar Library file management

              To export, import, reset or clear a GCL library file,

              • Press File in the Chord Library window. The Library Management window will open.

                • Export Library will save the current set of chord and fret configurations to your hard drive as a .GCL file.

                • Import Library will load a saved guitar chord library from a directory and/or drive. Locate the .GCL file and push OK to load.

                • Reset to Default will reload original guitar chord library as initially loaded dur- ing installation.

                • Clear All Chords deletes all current guitar chord library data.

            7. Chord Symbol Preferences

              To modify how all chord symbols appear in the ENF view,

              1. Open the Chord Symbols tab in Edit > Document Preferences window. Change the default appearance of chords as follows:


                FIGURE 8 - 6: Guitar Chord Preferences

                • Chord Symbol Appearance: Show Fret & Chord names / Frets only / Chords only / None

                • Long Tonality: Check this off to display Major tonality as “M” and Minor as “m”.

                • Guitar Chords Scale: Use the scroller to increase or decrease the size of all fret / chord symbols. Scale by percentage.

                • Chord Name Font Style: Change the default font, style and size for chord symbol names.

              2. Press Apply or OK to apply and close.

            8. Editing chord and fret symbols in ENF

              To Copy and Paste any fret or chord symbol,

              • Ctrl + click on the chord symbol you wish to copy. With your mouse, click anywhere to paste the symbol you just clicked on. The Guitar Chord Library will open to confirm your choice. Press OK to insert.

                To delete existing chord symbol(s),

              • Hit the “X” key and click on the symbol you wish to delete. To remove several fret symbols at once, use the Select tool (“O” key) to highlight as many fret symbols as you wish and hit the Delete key.

                To move one or more chord symbols,

              • Use the Select tool (“O” key) and highlight one or more fret symbols. Hold the Shift key down (Nudge mode) (Shift) then drag the control point of any fret symbol. This will move to all selected chord symbols.

          3. Non-musical Symbols

            1. Using Text and symbols to mark up scores

              Solo guitar, violin and other scores often contain many annotations and fingerings. Most can be entered using score symbols and even rehearsal markings.

              To annotate fingerings and string numbers,

            2. Document Preferences

              Non-lyric and non-text symbols (e.g. dynamic and tempo markings) which appear as text are also editable. Default font, size and behavior of symbols can be changed in Document Preferences.

              To edit Text Symbols,

              Open Edit > Document Preferences. The Text Symbols tab appears as follows:


              FIGURE 8 - 7: Document Preferences > Text Symbols tab

              To edit Score Symbols font characteristics,

              Open Edit > Document Preferences > Score Symbols tab.

            3. Bracketing


              Instrument families are grouped with the use of brackets. Grand staff and braces are recognized whenever possible. Use Bracketing to assign braces, grand staff brackets and to join selected parts into barline groups in an ENF document. This feature can be also be used to change the behavior of brackets and barlines. For example, barlines can be separated by stafflines and/or by instrument grouping.

              To break barlines between stafflines

              1. Select Bracketing from Edit menu (Ctrl + B (Cmnd + B Mac).

              2. Select “Break barlines by staff”. Click “OK”.


              FIGURE 8 - 8: Bracketing window

              To create braces, grand staff brackets and create barline groups,

              1. Highlight two or more parts in list to select for grouping.

              2. Choose Brace, Grand Staff or Barline Group set and press Set Sel.

              3. Continue to select parts for any other type of group. Any selected group can overlap parts of another selected group.

              4. Click “Break Barline by Brackets” checkbox to have barlines break according to instrument families which are already designated by braces, groups and grand staffs.

              5. Choose Clear Sel or Clear Selected Parts in selected group or Clear All to remove groupings.

            4. Score Header

        Score headers are not considered “text”. They are unique tags.

        To enter a Score Header at the top of the first page of the ENF file,

        a. Select Edit > Score Header.


        FIGURE 8 - 1: Score Header

        1. Enter a name for the ENF document in the Title field.

        2. Enter a Composer name if desired.

        3. Type a part name if it is a Score-Part. For definition, see Score-Part on "Score Formats", Section 12.1, on page 251.

        To move a Score Header vertically,

        • With Selector tool active, drag the positioning tab associated with the score header found in the left-hand ruler up or down.


  9. Working with TAB & Drums



    SmartScore supports recognition, editing and playback of percussion and tabla- ture parts. Any existing part (or staff) can be transformed to and from a variety of staff types including TAB, percussion and standard notation. Individual MIDI sounds are linked to all staff lines & spaces. Drums and percussion instruments can be re-linked using the Drum Map editor. Playback can also be enhanced by adding automatic drum styles. New rhythmic styles can easily be imported, cre- ated and added to the drum styles library.

    1. Recognizing music with TAB or Percussion parts

      1. In the Options section on the left side of the“Begin Recognition” window, check the box: Recognize tablature, percussion and/or split syustems.

        NOTE: If your score contains a 4-line part, SmartScore will, by default, consider it to be a TAB staff. If in fact it is a percussion part, be sure to check the box “Convert 4- line staffs to percussion”. Staff types can be changed after the recognition, but all notation will be lost when converted.


        FIGURE 9 - 1: Recognition - Selected Files / Options / Preview

    2. Converting staff line types

      You may convert staff properties simply by choosing an alternative staff type. For exam- ple, you may want to convert a line of standard notation (melody) to guitar TAB (6-string guitar). Or reverse it: change TAB to notation. This is all done in Staff Properties.

      To change staff property types),


      1. Select the Properties Tool then click on the yellow arrow to the left of the staff you wish to change.



        FIGURE 9 - 1: Staff Properties: Changing staff type

      2. Check the “Apply staff type” box and choose a new staff line configuration from the list of available staff types in the pull-down menu.

      3. Choose how to apply the change in the “Apply to” pull-down menu:

      Entire part, Current staffline or system, All parts in all systems, System + (active system forward). Push OK to apply the change.

      NOTE: It is recommended to correct mis-recognized symbols before changing the staff height since this could cause the TIFF / ENF screens. to go out of sync. In that case, the floating scan window opens so you will still maintain some reference.

    3. Working with tablature (TAB) parts

      Parts written in TAB format are automatically recognized if the option “Recognize TABs and Percussion Staff Lines” is selected prior to recognition (see "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36). TAB scores are edited in a similar fashion as standard ENF notation. Parts written in standard notation (melody staff) can be converted to the TAB format. Recognized TAB music can also be converted to standard notation. Converting one to the other is done in the Staff Properties window. See "Converting staff line types", Section 9.2, on page 186.

          1. Tablature notation display in SmartScore

            Tablature notes (fret numerals) are displayed as numbers on top of a string line (6 lines for guitar). The number represents the fret that string is to be played (with “0” representing an open or unfretted string). SmartScore uses an unique notation convention that not only displays the rhythmic value of each TAB numeral, but also its voicing. Note duration val- ues (rhythmic cues) belonging to Voice 1 appear above the staff. Rhythmic cues belonging to Voice 2 appear below the staff (in red).


            FIGURE 9 - 2: SmartScore TAB notation (typical)

          2. Change fingering configurations

            Changing fingerings is easily done in Nudge mode. Moving a fret numeral to a new string automatically updates its fret number.

            To reassign a fret numeral to another string

            1. Hold down the SHIFT button (Nudge mode).

            2. Drag the handle of any fret numeral to an adjacent string.

            The number will automatically become updated to reflect its new finger position. Its playback pitch remains the same.

          3. Editing TAB symbols

            To enter a fret numeral inside a TAB staff,

            First select a note value: Ctrl + click on any nearby note with the desired value or select that note value from the Notes palette. Position the cursor on the line you wish to enter a numeral and left click to enter the numeral as Voice 1. Right-click to enter the numeral so it is assigned to Voice 2 (red / below staff).

            NOTE: To add a TAB numeral to an existing chord cluster, position the cursor inside the vertical line of numerals until they highlight blue, then click to insert.

            To change the fingering of any TAB numeral,

            Enter Insert mode by hitting the “C” key or selecting the “Insert” button from the lower Toolbar. Click on any numeral until a red box (numeral editor) appears. Enter a new num- ber.

            NOTE: You will have 4 seconds to enter a new number before the numeral editor becomes inactive. You may change the default time period by going to Edit > Program Preferences > Tablature > Timer.

            To change the rhythmic value of a TAB numeral,

            Ctrl + click on any nearby note with the desired value or select that note value from the Notes palette. Click on the rhythmic value displayed directly above or below the numeral you wish to change. Horizontal note spacing will automatically be adjusted. Measures with rhythmic errors will highlight in pink, exactly as “melody” lines behave. To interpret pink measures, see Section 5.2.2, "Rhythmic errors" on page 88

            To change to voicing of a TAB numeral,

            You must first delete the numeral by hitting the “X” key and clicking on the numeral. Hit the “C” key to enter Insert mode and select the correct note value, if necessary. Position the cursor where you want to insert the numeral and right-click to insert it as Voice 2 (red) or left-click to insert the numeral as Voice 1 (black).

            To delete a TAB numeral,

            Simply hit the “X” key and click on any numeral. This action will delete both single TAB numerals and numerals in chord clusters.

          4. Creating a guitar TAB staff below a melody line


            You may wish to duplicate a part written in standard notation and have it display as guitar tablature. Or you may wish to take a guitar solo written in tablature and have it also display as standard notation. It’s simple...

            To duplicate a notation staff and transform it to a TAB staff,

            1. Open any ENF score. Go to Edit > Score Structure.

            2. Click on the box that represents the part you wish to copy. Push the “Duplicate” button. The new part will appear below the original box. Click on the newly-cre- ated part and drag left to create an “association” line to the ENF Score Part box next to it. Select “Apply to New”. A new ENF document will be created, leaving the original unchanged.

            3. In the ENF view, you will see the duplicated part beneath the original part. With the Properties Tool selected, click on the yellow triangle to the left of the new part. Select “5-line guitar TAB” from the Staff Type pull-down menu and unify staff and line spacing as described in 9.2 on page 186 and “Tablature notation display in SmartScore” on page 188.

            To reverse the process (duplicate a TAB staff and transform it to standard notation), follow the same steps above but instead, choose “6-line melody” from the Staff Type pull-down menu.

            After converting a “melody” to a “TAB” staff, you may want to change the fingering. Refer to "Change fingering configurations", Section 9.3.2, on page 188 for details.

          5. Unifying TAB line distances and line spacing.

      After converting “melody” to “TAB” or vice-versa, you may want to change line distances and unify those changes for a clean look.

      To resize the TAB spacing and apply it to the entire part,

      1. Position your cursor over a TAB staff line and manipulate the red (distance) and blue (line space) tabs per Section 6.2. The next step will unify all TAB staffs.

      2. Select “Staff Spacing” from the FILE menu. Or, select the Properties Tool and right-click into the staff that has been altered. Choose Line/Staff Spacing.

      image c. In the “Copy settings to” menu, select “All Systems” and push “Copy”.

      d. Push “OK”. All staves belonging to that part will adjust.

      An alternative method for “unifying” layout is as follows:

      1. With your cursor over the modified staff line, hit the “Caps Lock” key to lock in focus on that staff.


      2. Push the “Unify” button in the Navigator (“U” key). Select “Unify System, Staff and Line Spacing” (Based on active system). Push OK.

      3. Hit the “Caps Lock” key again to release the active system.

        1. Editing and creating percussion parts

          1. Editing a percussion part

            SmartScore recognition acquires and reconstructs variable-line staves when “Recognize TAB and percussion staff lines” option is checked in the Begin Recognition window (See "Recognition Options", Section 3.5.1, on page 36).

            To edit recognized notes on a percussion staff,

            1. First, check that the number of lines of the percussion part is correct: If incorrect, you may change the number of lines as described in Section 9.2, "Converting staff line types".

            2. Then ensure that the percussion part has correct number of lines in all systems: Select “Staff Spacing” from the FILE menu. Or, select the Properties Tool and right-click into the percussion staff. Choose Line/Staff Spacing. In the “Copy settings to” menu, select “All Systems” and push “Copy”. When done, push “OK”. All percussion staves belonging to that part will become updated.

            3. Edit drum notes exactly as any normal “melody” staff including note duration value and pitch. A MIDI drum instrument is associated with every line and space and will sound as you Shift + drag notes up or down. If necessary, you may need to reassign MIDI drum sounds using the

          2. Playback > Drumset

            To reassign drum instruments to percussion staff lines...

            1. With Property Tool active, click in the yellow arrow associated with any percus- sion staff.

            2. Push “Percussion Map” button in the Staff Properties window to access the drum instrument map.


              FIGURE 8 - 1: Drum-to-pitch links (Drum Set)

            3. Click on a drum instrument name and drag to a new line or space. If another instrument is linked to the line or space, it will unlink.

            4. Clicking and dragging a line or space to an instrument name will also create a new link and delete any existing link.

            5. Press OK to finalize changes. Press Cancel to undo changes. NOTE: Accidentals are ignored regardless of the key of the score.

          3. Creating a percussion staff from scratch

            1. Position your cursor inside the staff line where you wish to insert a new percus- sion line and right-click (Ctrl + click for Mac).


              FIGURE 9 - 1: Staff Line Options (Right-click)

            2. Select Staff > Insert (above or below).

            3. See "To change staff property types),", Section , on page 187 to change the part from notation to percussion.

            4. Select eighth note from “Notes” palette and using beam direction tools, create the following pattern. Hit Spacebar to play back.


            FIGURE 9 - 2: Creating a drum pattern


            NOTE: Simultaneous drum sounds must be contained in the same voice. Therefore, you will need to use the Cluster tool to add additional drum “note heads” to an exist- ing note stem. Holding down Shift and dragging a notehead up or down will allow you to hear each drum sound associated with each space and line.

        2. Automatic Drum Patterns

          It’s more fun if it’s got a beat! Simply select a drum accompaniment or you can add cus- tomized patterns to the drum library yourself.

          1. Play back with automatic drum pattern

            To select an instant drum pattern for ENF playback,

            1. With any ENF file open, click on the Drum Pattern button in the Toolbar.

            2. Sort each column by clicking on its name in the column header.



              FIGURE 9 - 3: Automatic Drum Track Window

            3. Click on a pattern that matches the time signature and style of your ENF file.

            4. Choose a starting measure in the “from measure no.” field and push the Insert


            5. To enter another drum groove at another location, repeat steps c. and d. above.

            6. If you wish to mute drum playback for one or more measures, select the starting measure and push the “Insert Silents” button.

              NOTE: Insert Silents are automatically inserted if the Begin and End points of 2 or more patterns are not sequential.

            7. Press OK to accept the selection.

            8. Press the spacebar to hear your file playback with drum accompaniment.

            To Remove a drum pattern from the library,

            • Locate the Styles folder inside the SmartScore application folder and delete the .ssd

              file you wish to remove.

          2. Adding custom drum patterns from ENF

      The drum pattern library is expandable. You can add new patterns that you have either cre- ated yourself or imported from a MIDI file which contains a drum track on MIDI Channel 10.

      To add an ENF drum pattern to the automatic drum pattern library,

      1. Open an ENF file which contains a percussion part (written with a percussion clef) or,

      2. Open an ENF file in which you have created your own drum pattern. Refer to "Creating a percussion staff from scratch", Section 9.4.3 for more information on how to create drum patterns.


      3. Click the MIDI button in the Navigator to open the MIDI Overview. See Section "Selecting MIDI views", Section 10.1.1, on page 198 for more details on changing MIDI views.

      4. Select Edit > Create Automatic Drum Pattern.


        FIGURE 9 - 4: Creating a drum pattern from a MIDI file

      5. Locate the track in which the drum is played and select it in the Track field. Note that MIDI drums will sound only if they are assigned to MIDI Channel 10.

        NOTE: To check the channel number of a track, right-click (alt + click for Mac) next to the track number in MIDI Overview then select Piano Roll. The channel number (and its color) will appear in the upper left corner of the Piano Roll View. Close

        the Piano Roll window to return to Overview window. Another option is to sim- ply open the Playback Console (Ctrl + 9). Next to each track number listing is a colored box containing the MIDI channel number assigned.

      6. Enter the name you wish to give the pattern in the Name field.

      7. Select a musical style to classify the new pattern and enter it in the Style pull- down menu.

      8. Locate the first measure where you wish the pattern to begin and enter it into the

        Beginning Measure field.

      9. Decide how many measures you wish the pattern to contain and enter it in the Length (in Measures) field. This is a very important decision if you want to have proper-sounding patterns.

      10. Click Generate to add the pattern to the library. It’s name will then appear in the

        Automatic Drum Pattern window.


        TIP:Add “fills” to longer patterns (8 or 12 measures). Repeated fills in patterns hav- ing 1 or 2 measures usually sound dumb.

        • Importing MIDI drum patterns


        1. Push the Open button in the Navigator (File > Open) and click to select MIDI from the “Files of Type” pull-down menu. Browse to a MIDI file containing a drum track and double- click.

      1. Push the Play button to hear the MIDI file play back. Push Close.

      2. The imported MIDI file will appear in the MIDI Overview window.

      3. Repeat the process from Step d) above.

        1. Virtual Drum Kit

          This option allows you to create a drum track to accompany any ENF playback without requiring a drum machine or any other external MIDI device. It maps selected MIDI drum sounds to the keys of your computer keyboard. MIDI quantization to sixteenth notes is applied by default. For more information about quantization, see "Snap to", Section 10.8.3, on page 219.

          1. Recording a virtual drum track

            To create a virtual MIDI drum track,

            1. Open MIDI View.

            2. Right click inside any number the Track Number column. Select “New Track”.

            3. A MIDI Record view will open. Test drum sounds by hitting the center keys on the two front rows of your computer keyboard.

            4. When ready, hit the Record button. You will hear a metronome sound for one measure. Playback and drum recording begins.

            5. Hit Stop when finished. Close the MIDI window to return to ENF.

          2. Defining Virtual Drum Kit

      To change a MIDI drum and link to your computer keyboard,

      1. Select Options > Virtual Drum Kit Definition


        FIGURE 9 - 5: Virtual Drum Kit Definition

      2. Click on an instrument / key in Instrument list.

      3. To reassign a MIDI drum instrument, push Change Instrument and make another MIDI drum selection in the pull-down menu.

      4. To reassign a keyboard key for that instrument, push Change Key and press any keyboard key to be linked to that instrument.

      5. When finished, press OK.

      To add a MIDI drum and link it to your computer keyboard,

      1. Push Add.

      2. Press a key to become associated with the sound.

      3. Select a new drum sound from the pull-down menu.

      4. When finished, press OK.


  10. MIDI Editing and Sequencing



    Underlying MIDI data of an ENF score can be viewed and manipulated in one of three MIDI views: Overview, Piano Roll and Event List.

    1. MIDI Views

      1. Selecting MIDI views

        To open MIDI environment from ENF and select a MIDI view,


        1. Press the MIDI button in the Navigator or choose View > New MIDI View

          (Ctrl +I / Cmnd+I (Mac)).

          The New MIDI View Window will open.


          FIGURE 10 - 1: New MIDI View

        2. In the Type window, select the type of MIDI view desired, Overview, Piano Roll or Event List).

        image • Overview


        This view displays all MIDI tracks (parts) found in the open Score-Part.

        • Piano Roll

          This view displays all MIDI note events found in the selected track.

        • Event List

        image This view lists all MIDI events and every detail associated with them.

        The above MIDI view buttons are accessible from the MIDI Toolbar.

      2. MIDI Toolbar

        The MIDI Toolbar (View > Toolbars > MIDI Toolbar) includes buttons for opening Overview, Piano Roll, Event List views. Also visible are the Shuttle tool, Record, Record to New Track, Record Virtual Drum, Delete Track and Insert Instrument Change buttons.


        FIGURE 10 - 2: MIDI Toolbar

      3. Closing MIDI Views


Each MIDI view (Overview, Piano Roll and Event List) has its own “close” icon in the upper left-hand corner of the window. Click to close an active MIDI view window. Or select File > Close. Closing the last MIDI view will return dis- play to its associated ENF view.

    1. Track Overview


      Overview provides a “bird’s eye view” of all existing MIDI tracks. Some editing image functions are limited

      FIGURE 10 - 3: Track Overview window

      1. Selecting tracks and MIDI events

        Right-clicking (option + click Mac) into a track’s Name field in Overview will display the track properties. Double-clicking into a track’s Name field will open its Piano Roll view.


        FIGURE 10 - 4: MIDI Track Properties

        The Track Properties window allows for editing of the Track Name and its Transposition. It is also used to create new MIDI tracks. Push Piano Roll or Event List buttons to view selected track in one of these views.

        NOTE: The Transpose selection window will actually move all the note events of the selected track by half steps.

        • New Track will create an empty new track.

        • Selecting Duplicate Track will create an exact copy of the active track and insert it at the bottom of the track listing.

        • Delete Track will erase the highlighted MIDI track completely.

    2. Playback

      1. Spacebar

        • Press the spacebar to Play. Press again to Pause. Press again to resume Play. Press the comma key (“,”) to Rewind to the start.

      2. Mini-Console

        The Mini-Console is a dock-able (tear-off) Toolbar that plays, records, rewinds and stops playback.


        No MIDI



        FIGURE 10 - 5: Mini-Console Transport

        The “spring-loaded” tempo slider will increase or decrease tempo speed depend- ing on the distance it is pulled from the center. Releasing the mouse will return playback tempo to the default speed.

          • Play button initiates/resumes playback of the active MIDI file. Once playback has begun, the Play button becomes Pause. Use this button to retain MIDI data after returning to ENF display.

            image Stop button stops playback/recording of the MIDI. Play/Record is re-initialized at 0 (rewinds to the beginning).

            image Rewind button resets playback to the beginning of the range.

          • The Record button will be active only when a MIDI Out device is selected. Push-

        image ing the Record button will create a new MIDI track and will launch a new record- ing session. When Record is lit, press Play button to begin recording a new MIDI

        performance to a new track. When recording to a new MIDI track, existing MIDI

        data, instruments, channels and transpositions of the original ENF or imported MIDI file will be maintained.

        NOTE: All playback functions are also available in the Realtime menu (in MIDI) or

        Playback menu (in ENF).


        TIP:To select an entire track for cutting and pasting, go to Overview and click (option + click for Mac) in the track’s Name field.

      3. MIDI Devices

        To set the MIDI input and output devices,

        1. Select MIDI Devices from the Options menu. The MIDI Devices window will open.


          FIGURE 10 - 6: Options > MIDI Devices

        2. Click on the MIDI Input device / interface you will use for recording new MIDI data.

        3. Click on the MIDI Output device you wish to use for MIDI playback. The MIDI device window will display all installed MIDI device drivers. MIDI Mapper is the default in Windows and is most commonly used for sound cards although a specific soundcard driver may be selected from the Output list.

        4. Press OK to set the selected MIDI devices as the current SmartScore MIDI sources. The selected device then moves to the top of the list.

        NOTE: If the desired device is not listed in the MIDI Devices window make sure the device driver has been properly installed. Check any software that was installed with your MIDI device and/or download MIDI driver from manufacturer’s web- site. When installing a new MIDI driver, reboot to initialize the new driver.

      4. Playback Range

        To specify part of the score for playback,

        1. Select Set Play Range from the Realtime menu.


          FIGURE 10 - 7: Set MIDI Play Range

        2. Set the first measure and last measure of the Play Range.

        3. Mark Play All to play the entire score.

        4. Check Loop to continually repeat the assigned playback range.

    3. Piano Roll

In the familiar MIDI piano roll view, it is possible to alter MIDI note events and fine tune other playback parameters. MIDI events are only editable when “Show Actual Playback” option in the View menu is checked off. When “Show Actual Playback” is checked, artic- ulations (trills, tremolos, etc.) display but cannot be edited since articulations are con- trolled by Properties. The Piano Roll view is track-based.

image 10.4.1 Selecting MIDI tracks

To select and display a track in Piano Roll view:

  1. Select the MIDI button in the Navigator. In the New MIDI View window, select a track or Part Name. Pushing OK will open the selected track in piano roll format.


    FIGURE 10 - 8: Overview - Selecting a track

  2. Select the MIDI track you wish to display and press OK.


  3. Select the magnifying glass from the Toolbar. Left click to zoom in and right click (option + click for Mac) to zoom out of the Piano Roll view.



    FIGURE 10 - 9: MIDI Piano Roll View

  4. Another method of zooming in or out is to drag measure markers horizontally. Dragging to the right zooms in and dragging to the left zooms in.


FIGURE 10 - 10: Horizontal zoom by dragging measure markers

      1. Tiling ENF and MIDI views


        Using the Tile Windows feature, you can view both ENF and MIDI windows simultaneously. This is useful if timing problems are encountered while editing ENF notation. By switching to MIDI Piano Roll view and pushing the Tile Win- dows button, it is possible to examine underlying MIDI events while referring to the same region as notation in the associated ENF window.

        To tile all open document windows,


          • Push the Tile Windows button located both in the Toolbar and in the Navigator palette.


            Tile Windows Menu Button

            FIGURE 10 - 11: ENF / MIDI Tile View (with floating Zoom window)

      2. Inserting program changes (Assign new MIDI instrument for playback)

        You can insert any number of instrument changes into a MIDI track.

        NOTE: This same function (inserting a change of instrument for playback) can be done in the ENF notation view. See "Changing instrument sounds on the fly", Section 4.5.4, on page 58 for details.

        To insert a Program Change (MIDI instrument change) in a MIDI track:

        1. In Piano Roll view, position cursor and click to drop the red marker where you wish to make a MIDI instrument change.


        2. Push the Program Change button in the MIDI Toolbar or select Edit > Program Change.


          FIGURE 10 - 12: MIDI Program Change (Piano Roll)

        3. Select a new MIDI Instrument from the pull-down menu.

          In the Voice pull-down menu, select the voice number you wish to apply the new instru- ment sound to. For more about Voice Color Mode, turn to "Working with Contrapuntal Voices", Section 7.9.

        4. Press OK.

          NOTE: List of instruments is determined by the selected Instrument set selected in Options > Instrument Settings. Instrument set is also able to be selected in the Playback Console (see "MIDI Setup", Section 4.15.1, on page 83).

        5. An inverted red triangle will indicate the point where the program change was inserted. Clicking on any Program Change triangle will open the Program Change window for additional changes.

        NOTE: SmartScore supports multiple MIDI channels within each MIDI track. This allows for contrapuntal voices within ENF staff lines to be assigned to different instruments within each MIDI track. In other words, multiple voices in ENF are equivalent to multiple channels within a MIDI track. This is a sort of hybrid MIDI type (MIDI Type 1/Type 0 hybrid).

      3. Velocity and Tempo Graphical Controllers

        In Piano Roll view, the bottom pane of the window displays a graphical, continuous- change MIDI controller. Click into Controller Selector pull-down menu and select a new MIDI controller you wish to view.



        FIGURE 10 - 13: Velocity and Tempo controllers in Piano Roll view

            • With the pencil mouse pointer, click and drag a curve over the range you wish to apply the effect.

      4. Shuttle Tool

        The Shuttle Tool allows you to sound MIDI events forward or backward by dragging the mouse over a range of events.

        To operate the Shuttle Tool,


        In Piano Roll view, the “S” key toggles the Shuttle Tool off and on. To manually select, press the Toggle Shuttle button in the MIDI Toolbar or go to the Options menu and select Shuttle On. Click and hold anywhere in an Overview or Piano Roll and drag the Shuttle Tool to the right to play the MIDI file at your own tempo. Drag the Shuttle Tool to the left to rewind and hear the MIDI file simulta- neously.

        To insert or change the voice assignment of selected note event(s):

        1. Use the Voice Selection pull-down menu located above the piano keyboard to select a voice number.

        2. Right-click and drag to create a note event.

      5. MIDI Instrument settings

        To change MIDI instrument parameters,

        1. Select Instrument Settings under the Options menu. In Playback Console, push the Set Instrument button. This will open the Instrument Settings window.


          FIGURE 10 - 14: Instrument Settings

        2. Select the MIDI Port of the MIDI instrument you will be adjusting with the MIDI Port pull-down menu.

        3. Choose a specific Instrument Bank or all Banks from the selected MIDI Port if numerical banks are supported by your MIDI device.

        4. Select the type of MIDI Instrument (GM, MT32, GS, Yamaha XG, Numeric or Custom) from the Instrument pull-down menu.

        5. Use the radio buttons to activate or deactivate specific MIDI channels for selected Instrument set and Drum set. The default MIDI channel for drums is 10.

        6. Use the Drum pull-down menu to select the type of MIDI Drum set your device supports (GM, No Drums, Roland GS Drums, Yamaha XG Drums, Numeric or Custom).

        7. Push Custom to create a formatted text document for displaying custom instru- ment names for your MIDI device. Edit to change.

        8. Save will save Custom patch names as a formatted text document (.TXT). Save this file then open it in a word processing application and enter your patch names. Then save as a text document.

        9. Load will allow you to load the Custom text file. Your custom patch names will display throughout SmartScore’s MIDI patch selection windows (Instrument Templates and Playback Console).

      6. MIDI event selection

        Under the Edit menu choosing Select opens the Select Window.


        FIGURE 10 - 15: Select Event window

        Select All tracks or an individual track or voice to highlight for cut, paste, pitch shifting or assigning parameters. Choose Full time to display the full length of the MIDI file or des- ignate a portion of the file to display by entering the measure, beat, and tick into the From and To fields.

        NOTE: Edit > Select All is only available from a Piano Roll or Event List view.

        Selecting MIDI events using mouse click-and-drag can be done from any view. Mouse functions work the same in all views.

        To select a note or group of notes:

        • Click on the individual note or click and drag to Group Select many notes.

          To add note(s) to the Group:

        • Hold down the Control key and click on the un-selected note(s).

          To select note events within a given time frame:

          1. Click in Piano Roll to mark the beginning of the time frame.

          2. Hold down the Shift key and click again to set the end of the time frame. The selected range will highlight in grey.

      7. Changing MIDI event attributes

        To change the start time of selected note event(s):

        • Click and drag the left edge of the note(s) to the position you want.



          FIGURE 10 - 16: Editing MIDI note on/off events

          To change the duration of selected note event(s):

        • Click and drag the right edge of a note to change a note’s duration.

          To change the velocity (loudness/note attack) of selected note event(s):

        • Drag the top and bottom edges of a note adjust the note’s velocity.


          Changing note velocity Changing note pitch

          FIGURE 10 - 17: Editing MIDI note velocities and pitches

          To change the pitch or position of selected note event(s):

        • Click and drag the center of the note to change pitch (vertical drag) or note placement (horizontal drag).

          NOTE: The arrow keys on your computer keyboard can also be used to adjust the pitch and start time of the selected note.

          NOTE: To realign MIDI events to the nearest starting point (quantization), go to Options

          > Snap to and select the base rhythmic value.

          To delete selected note event(s):

        • Hit the Delete key to remove any highlighted notes.

          To change the velocity and/or the duration of selected note(s):

          1. Select the Velocity/Duration option from the Edit menu. The Velocity and Dura- tion window will open.


            FIGURE 10 - 18: Velocity and Duration window

          2. Use the sliders or type in numbers to increase or decrease the velocity or duration of the selected note(s) by a percentage. Example: You wish to double the dura- tion of a group of selected notes. In the Velocity/Duration window move the Duration slider to 200%.

          3. Press OK.

      8. Note Event window

        Double-clicking on any note event will open the Note Event window.


        FIGURE 10 - 19: Note Event window

        The Note Event window allows access to and adjustment of an individual note’s parame- ters.

        • Raise or lower the Pitch of the Note Event

        • Start Time changes when the Note Event begins

        • The Duration of the Note Event can be shortened or lengthened

        • Increase or decrease the Velocity of the Note Event

        • Select a different Voice for the Note Event

      9. Cut/Copy and Paste

Click and drag the mouse or use Edit > Select to select a region that you would like to cut, copy or paste.