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2.3 Tutorial - Editing Sample Files


2.3.1 What you will see first

After recognition of the Fandago file, the screen will fill with a number of colorful and interesting windows. Don’t be afraid. It’s all good.

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FIGURE 2 - 1: Opening screen after recognizing a file


2.3.2 Aria Player and Playback Console

The information window is important, but may be a bit incomprehensible at first. For now, just push OK. (Do not click “Don’t show this again” unless the message is clear to you.) In order to play back the music, you will need to load some instruments into Aria player.

a. Left-click in the lower left hand corner of the “Ensemble” window in the Aria player, choose “SmartScore” and select “All_Piano”.

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b. Move your cursor to the “Playback Console” and in the transport controls, push the Play button.

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c. To stop playback, hit the Spacebar. The Spacebar starts and stops playback.

d. With your cursor, click and drag an edge of the Playback Console and drag it to the right side of the screen. Do the same with the Aria player. Elsewhere in this manual, you will be able to learn about all the sounds and features available in the Aria player ("Working with the Aria Player and Garritan sounds", Section 4.1). Now, lets discover SmartScore’s notation editor...


2.3.3 Notation Editor

The original scanned image is displayed in the upper pane and the newly recognized SmartScore version appears below it in white. file appears below it. Use the scroller bars, mouse wheel, or arrow keys on your keyboard to scroll up and down the page.

Mac Users: Try the “overlay” mode controlled by the variable opacity slider in the Tool- bar. In the main menu, select View > Split screen > Overlay.

Only one staff line is active at a time. The active staff displays black while inactive staff lines display in grey. Move your cursor within the boundary of a staff until it highlights black. Caps Lock will “lock in” an active staff until it is hit again. If you want all staves to display in black, go to the View menu and un check Show Active Staff. If you do this, remember to move your cursor within a staff line first before doing any editing within a staff line.


To see all staff lines in black, check “Show Active Staff” in the View menu.

image Since editing is done a staff-to-staff basis, turn this back on if you are unsure which staff line you are editing.


2.3.4 Editing Fandango

Once you have recognized Fandango.tif, it’s time to edit the few mistakes...


Deleting symbols / Expanding palettes / Grace notes

The first couple of note are not recognized as grace notes and will have to be deleted.

a. Hit “X” key on your keyboard and with your mouse, left click on each of the first two notes to delete them.

b. Click and hold on the quarter note button in the Note and Rests palette. In a sec- ond or two, all possible note values will appear.

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FIGURE 2 - 1: Expanding Tool Palettes (Notes) and selecting Beam direction


c. Select the 16th note (two flags).

d. In the Notes and Rest palette, click on the beam direction button. Hold down for a second or two and select “right beam”.

image e. Now click on the “Grace note” button to the right of the beam button.

f. Move your cursor to where first “grace note” should appear and click.

g. Move your cursor to where the second grace note should appear and click. You should now see two grace notes joined together with a double beam

Changing note values using Quick-select method

Notice Measure 3 is highlighted pink. This means there is a rhythmic problem. The beam notes in the treble clef should all be 8th notes, not 16ths. We will use Quick-select to fix it without having to go back to the tool palette.

a. Position you cursor over the first note of the 8th note beam group in the next measure (Measure 2) until it highlights yellow. With Ctrl button down, click on it. Notice the cursor immediately becomes a right-beamed 8th note.

This action is called Quick-select. With Ctrl down, clicking on any object will inherit its attributes. You may find Quick-select to be the fastest and easiest method for selecting most musical symbols while editing.

b. Position you cursor over the first 16th beamed note in Measure 3 until it high- lights yellow and click on it. The note will change to an 8th beam.

c. Notice the cursor also changes (to left-beam). Click on the last note beam note in Measure 3. It changes to an 8th value.

d. Quick-Select the middle beamed note in Measure 2 and then click the middle beamed note in Measure 3. Notice the measure’s pink color disappears.

e. Push the Space bar to begin playing the piece. To pause, hit Space.

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NOTE: If the target note turns light blue, a new note will be inserted. Only objects that highlight yellow will become changed. If a mistake is made, push the Undo but- ton or Ctrl + “Z” (Cmd + “Z” for one-button Macs).

Inserting ties

Ties in Measure 19 to 21 were mis-read and became slurs.

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a. Push the Select tool in the Toolbar (or the “O” key).

b. Click or drag over the slur found towards the end the top staff in Measure 19. Hit

Delete on your keyboard.

c. Hit the “V” key on your keyboard. This activates the ties tool. Click on the head of the last note in the top staff of Measure 19. Notice the tie connects with the first note in the next system.

d. Delete the misread slur between Measures 21 and 22 and insert the tie.


Copying and pasting several notes at once / Pitch shift

In Measure 23, notice the grace note was mis-recognized again.

a. Hit the “X” key and click to delete the first note (incorrect quarter note).

b. Push the “Zoom” icon in the top (Main) toolbar and zoom in on Measure 24.

Find the flag of the misread eighth note. Click when it highlights yellow.

image c. Zoom out (right-click) and return your cursor to the beginning of Measure 1. Hit

the “O” key (or push the “Selector” icon in the ENF toolbar) and right-drag to

highlight both grace notes. Select Edit > Copy or push Ctrl + C/Cmd + C.

d. Position your cursor in Measure 24. Push Ctrl + V / Cmd + V and click to paste the grace notes where they should be.

e. The pitch of the first grace note should be e, not d. While holding the SHIFT but- ton down, drag the head of the first grace note up a step to e.

Transposing the key

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a. Push the “Transpose” button in the Toolbar (or select Edit > Transpose).

b. In the Transpose window, click the scroller upwards to change the target key sig- nature from 1 flat (Dm) to 1 sharp (Em).

c. Push OK to effect the key transposition.

Unifying irregular staff sizes

This piece comes from an older edition with somewhat irregular sized staff lines. Notice the bass staff is slightly larger than the treble staff. SmartScore measures and displays staff and systems distances exactly as the original.

a. Locate the blue “staff height” tab left of the bass staff in Measure 15. Move the blue tab upward to slightly decrease staff height so it matches the staff width of the treble clef. Once you are satisfied with staff and line spacing, hit the “Caps Lock” key to “lock in” the active system.

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b. Push the “Unify” button in the Navigator. Select “Unify System, Staff and Line Spacing” (Based on active system). Push OK.

c. Hit the “Caps Lock” key again to release the active system.


Prepare for printing (Page setup / centering / adjust margins)

In unifying system spacing, it’s possible that the last system may have rolled over to a new page. Here, we will center the score and readjust page margins...

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a. Push the “Setup” button in the Navigator or select File > Page Setup. Notice default Document Layout is From Recognition.

b. Change Document Layout to Center on Page. The print preview pane in the background will change to reflect actual page size. Push Apply.

c. If necessary, reposition the green header/footer tabs located inside the left margin ruler.

d. Push the Print icon at the top of the Page Setup window.


Visualizing contrapuntal voices

Turning on voice color will display contrapuntal voices as different colors. This allows you to view secondary voices (both notes and rests) in red and tertiary voices in green. Any notes belonging to a 4th voice will appear in blue.

a. In Page Setup view, push “Main View” button at top of screen.

b. In the Toolbar, push the “Voice Visibility” button.


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Notice in Measure 2 how notes and rests appear as either black or red. They rep- resent two of the four possible contrapuntal voices. Voices can be assigned differ- ent MIDI instruments if desired.

c. Push the Console button to open the Playback Console or use the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl + 9 / Command + 9.


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FIGURE 2 - 2: Playback Console with Voice Visibility on


Changing Instrument sounds in Playback Console

The left and right-hand piano parts have been automatically recognized as piano and assigned the General MIDI patch of Grand Piano.

a. In the Instrument column of Track 2 / Voice 2 (red track), change the instrument to Timpani. Press the spacebar or Play button. You will hear that the secondary voice of the left hand will be different from the others.

b. Move volume slider left or right to increase or decrease volume on one or more parts. Close Playback Console.


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2.3.5 Tutorial - Editing Chorale


Many scores are written with multiple voices within a single staff line. Solo piano, guitar and choral music typically include different voices moving indepen- dently in and out of measures. “SmartScore’s voiceline threading allows for easy isolating and manipulating of voices.

NOTE: SA/TB scores will have voices separated either by opposing stems or by two noteheads joined to a single stem. Many hymnals combine SA and TB to a single stem (cluster). To separate two-note clusters into separate voices, see "Voice Splitting (Select + “H”)", Section 4.5.2.

The sample file, Chorale.tif, is a well-known Lutheran hymn with four voices: Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass written in two staff lines.

a. Push the Recog button on the Navigator. Press the Add Files to List button in the

Begin Recognition window. Select Chorale.tif from the SmartScore folder

b. Press the Begin Recognition button. Once Recognition is complete, press “Open SmartScore File’ and save the file.

c. Hit the spacebar to hear the playback.


Correct playback of pickup and closeout measures

Pickup and closeout measures are commonly found in hymns and other vocal scores. While notes are correctly recognized in those “incomplete” measures, playback will hesi- tate because timing is normally locked to the time signature. There are two ways to force such measures to playback properly:

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1.Push the Properties tool (Esc key). Click on the barline at the beginning of the first measure. In the Barline Properties window, change the Playback pull-down menu from Current time signature to As written. Repeat for Measure 5. This tool is used to affect individual measures. It will not affect playback of any other measures in the piece.

2.In the Playback menu, select “Play as written”. This is a global command that will cause playback to ignore the time signature throughout the piece.

NOTE: You can also unlock playback globally from the Playback tab in Edit > Docu- ment Preferences. Choose Play all measures as written in the Time Signature pull-down menu.

Apply different MIDI sounds to each part

Make sure you see both black and red notes. If not, push the “Voice Visibility” button found in the lower toolbar.

In the upper staff, the Soprano voice is black (Voice 1) and the Alto voice is red (Voice 2). In the lower staff, the Baritone voice is black and Bass is red. Up to four voices are possi- ble within each staff.

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d. Hold down the Ctrl key and hit the “9” key (Cmnd + 9 for Mac). This opens the Playback Console. Or push the “Console” button in the Toolbar.

e. Change MIDI Instrument assignments of the two voices in the top part, PianoR (Track 1). Change Voice 1 (black) to Choir Aahs and Voice 2 (red) to Voice Oohs.

f. To hear separate voices, push the Play button, manipulate the volume sliders and the solo or mute buttons. Press Close to close the Playback Console.

2.3.6 Editing Gluck

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a. Push the Recog button in the Navigator. In the Begin Recognition window press Add Files to List. Double-click the file Gluck.tif inside the SmartScore folder.

b. Press Begin Recognition button to start the recognition process. Accept the post-recognition defaults. Select Open SmartScore File in the System Report window and Save the ENF file.

c. To listen to Gluck, simply press the spacebar. Hit the spacebar again to stop.

d. A dot was mis-recognized in Measure 10. Toggle the “D” key until the cursor appears as a greyed-out dot and arrow. Click on the note head to remove dot.

e. A natural sign is missing from a half-note in Measure 18. Quick-select (Ctrl+click) on the natural sign in the right-hand piano part. Move the cursor into the flute part and click on the half-note to insert the natural.

Using Properties tool to change playback characteristics

In Measure 20, the word “rit.” (ritard or ritenudo) was recognized and applied to gradually slow playback down for that measure. The word “poco” (a little bit) was also recognized, but not applied, so playback probably slows more than it should. Default playback charac- teristics can be changed by using the Properties tool.

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a. With Properties tool active (Esc key), click on the word “rit.”.


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FIGURE 2 - 3: Ritenudo Properties window


b. Change the tempo value of the Ending of the measure by moving the slider to something like 70 or 80% of the current value.

c. Push OK. The measure will slow a bit as indicated by “poco rit.”.

NOTE: With Properties tool active, try clicking on the “tr” and “f” signs in Measure 19 to get a sense of how this tool can work.

Selecting a few measures for playback

You may want to hear back only Measures 19 through 20 to test the playback settings which you changed using the Properties tool.


To playback a small range of measures,

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a. Push the Select tool in the Toolbar.

b. Hold down the right mouse button (alt + click for Mac) and drag inside a selected range of measures. Measures will highlight blue and become staged for playback using Spacebar or the Play button.

c. Press the Spacebar again to replay the selected range from the beginning.

d. Click anywhere outside of the range of measures to deselect range.

e. Use the menu item, Playback > Set Play Range to select a wider range of mea- sure or to continuously loop playback.


Extracting a part in Score Structure

a. Push the “Structure” button in the Navigator palette to the left of the screen.

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Score Structure is an environment that will display all open ENF files in a hierar- chy and allow you to manipulate the arrangement and visibility of parts and voices. You can even move parts from one open ENF file to another simply by dragging the selected part to the other file.

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FIGURE 2 - 4: Extracting a part in Score Structure window


b. Click on PianoR and PianoL parts to highlight. Push the “Remove” button

c. To create a new document that will leave the original 3-part score untouched, push the “Apply to New” button at the bottom of the page.

d. A new ENF file will open with only the flute part.


Changing parts and instrument sounds in System Manager

You can change instrument sounds in the Playback Console as you did with the Fandango tune. But with the System Manager, you will have greater control over your score includ- ing part names, instrument sounds, part and voice visibility.

NOTE: Playback properties of individual symbols can be controlled with the “Properties Tool. See Section 4.9, "Playback Properties").

a. Return to the original Gluck score. Press Ctrl + M. Go to the Part Name column and click on the first Part Name, Flute. Scroll down the list and select Oboe. Notice Voice 1 becomes Oboe.

Selecting a Part Name in the left-most column automatically assigns an instrument sound to all voices that appear in that part. Individual voices can be assigned different instrument sounds as long as a pull-down menu appears below the voice number.

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FIGURE 2 - 5: Changing MIDI instruments by selecting new Part Name

Three useful buttons are found in the System Manager: Add Part will add a new part to the score (See Section 7.4.5) Instrument Templates controls default playback sounds (see Section 4.10.2). Format Score automatically sizes the score to fit your default page size for printing (See Section 6.4).

b. Save the current file (FILE > Save As > Gluck.enf). We will come back to it later.


2.3.7 Tutorial - Editing Songbook

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a. Select Recognition.

a. Press the Add Files to List button in the Begin Recognition window. Select Songbook.tif and press Open. In the Options area, make sure the box to the left of Text is checked.

b. Press the Begin Recognition button. Once Recognition is complete, accept “Open ENF” and save the ENF file, Songbook.enf.

Pickup, closeout and error measures

In the Aria player, click on the lower left-hand corner of the Ensemble window and select SmartScore > OneVoice_Piano. This will add a vocal sound to the topmost staff line.

Hit the Spacebar and listen to the first line of music. Notice there is a delay after the first and last measure. The first measure with 1 1/2 beats is a “pickup” measure and the last with 3 beats is a “closeout” measure. SmartScore applies the default time signature to each measure so we need to tell it to “Play what’s written”.

a. In the Playback menu, select “Play as Written”. Now, all measures will play exactly what is written and the time signature will be ignored.

b. Go to View menu and in the “Show” submenu, uncheck “Error measures”. This will turn off the pink color which highlight measures having incorrect beats.


Editing Lyrics

The first word in the second system lost the “W” because it was broken up.

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a. In the lower toolbar, locate the “L” button (for Lyrics) and push it.

b. Click on the first eighth note in the vocal line. The lyric cursor will jump to the beginning of the first lyric syllable. Type the letter “W”.

c. At the end of the same line, find the blue lyric syllable, “noats”. Click the quarter note above it and hit the delete key. Now type “fl” and click outside of the staff.

d. Move to the next line down and correct the words “otr” and “tmst” in the top lyric line using the same method as you did before.

e. Hit the down-arrow key to move to the next line down. Now correct the words

f. In the next measure, the word “bough” in the top line was associated with the wrong note. It should be attached to the half note. Use the arrow keys to position your cursor at the beginning of the word. Click and drag right to highlight the word “bough” and with the Ctrl key down, hit the “X” key to cut it to clipboard.

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g. Click on the half note to the left and when the cursor drops down, hold the Ctrl button down and hit the “V” key. The word “bough” will be pasted into position.

h. Click out of the staff line. Press the “L” button in the toolbar to exit Lyric mode.

Restore error measures by going to View > Show and checking “Error mea- sures”. Restore normal playback by going to the Playback menu and click on “Play as written” to turn it off. Most settings in SmartScore remain on until turned off.


2.3.8 Editing Guitar

SmartScore includes some very useful and powerful features for solo guitar music includ- ing recognition and editing of tablatures.


Editing three or more voices

Solo classical guitar and solo violin scores are unique in the world of published music. In most music, usually no more than two voicelines are present; each being distinguished by notes having opposite stem directions.

a. Push the Recognition button. In the Begin Recognition window, push Add FIles to List. Double click on the file, GUITAR.TIF in the SmartScore folder to add the file to the list of recognized pages. Press Begin Recognition.

b. Save the file with the default name given.

c. Notice measures have notes in three colors, including green. The green notes rep- resent the third or tertiary voice. Push spacebar to Play. Hit spacebar again to Stop.


Adjust default tempo

The original tempo is marked “Poco allegro”. SmartScore recognized the word, “Allegro” which has a default tempo of 150 bpm. It’s too fast.

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a. Push the Properties tool and click on the mark, Allegro in Measure. Move the slider to change the speed to something slower.

NOTE: With “Apply this tempo to all similar marks” checked, all existing marks of

Allegro will become updated to the new tempo after you push OK. Controlling part names

The part name (Nylon Guitar) overlaps the first measure. To turn off part names, go to

View > Show > Part Names submenu. Check “Don’t Show”.


Assigning different instruments to voices

b. Open the Playback Console (Ctrl + 9 / Cmnd + 9). Click into Instrument selec- tion for Voice 2. In the Instrument pull-down menu, change Nylon String Guitar to Tango Accordion.

c. Change Voice 3 to Acoustic Bass or some other instrument.

d. Push the spacebar and listen to how contrapuntal voices become more distinct when they are assigned to different instrument sounds.

Converting notation to guitar TAB

a. Select Properties tool from the Toolbar.

b. Click on the yellow triangle to the left of any staff line.

c. In the Staff Properties window, click in the “Apply Staff Type” checkbox. Select “6-string guitar TAB” from the pull down menu.

SmartScore also recognizes TAB-formatted scores. For more details, refer to Section 3.5.1, "Recognition Options" "Recognize Tablature and Percussion staff lines".