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7.6 Tool Palettes

All notation symbols used in SmartScore can be selected from the Tool palettes. By default, up to 3 palettes remain open at one time. Palettes “recycle” by default, but you may have all open at once.

NOTE: Tool palette buttons are expandable. Any button with a small arrow in the lower right corner will expand to reveal all possible symbols when held down with the left mouse button for several seconds.


FIGURE 7 - 19: Expandable tool palettes

To replace an open Tool Palette with another palette type,

a. Right-click on any open Tool Palette. (Mac: Ctrl + click).



FIGURE 7 - 20: Tool Palette Selection


b. Click to select an alternative palette.

NOTE: The F1 key (Reset Workspace icon in Toolbar) always resets win- dows and palettes to their default positions.

To change palette display behavior,

a. Right-click (Ctrl + click for Mac) onto any open tool palette.

b. At the bottom of the Palette window, choose one of 4 alternative modalities for palette behavior including:

Recycle (Default):

This changes the secondary open palette when a Quick Key is activated. The Notes palette remains open and does not cycle.Show All opens all 9 SmartScore Tool Palettes.

Hide All:

This removes all Tool Palettes from view.


7.6.1 Notes and Rests palette

7.6.1a Inserting Notes and Rests (Numeric keys)

a. Select a note or rest from either of the Notes or Rests buttons located in the “Notes” palette. Left-click and hold for two seconds to expand the palette revealing all possible notes or rests.

b. Press the “C” key to activate Insert mode.

c. The cursor will display the selected symbol along with a grey dot which indicates the line or space on the staff. Click to insert.

NOTE: Use “Quick-select” (Ctrl+click) to select any symbol on the page, including notes and rests, Press any numeric key from 1 through 0 to select a particular note value. “Shift + 1-0will select rests.

7.6.1b Cluster tool

See "Editing note clusters", Section 5.2.9.

7.6.1c Multi-measure rests

a. Select the “n-measures” object from the “Rests” palette.

b. Select the number of empty measures.

c. Click in an empty measure of the active staffline.

7.6.1d Tuplets (T)

The “T” key opens the tuplet (Rhythmic Groups) Palette. Triplet is selected as the default. Drag the mouse to box in the notes/rests to become the selected tuplet. Drag downwards to insert the tuplet above the selected notes/rests. Drag upwards to insert the tuplet below selected notes/rests. For details, see Tuplets (Section 4.4.1)

To delete a tuplet or articulation

d. Ctrl+click on it, press the “X” key then click again on the object. Or use the Select tool (“O” key) to highlight one or more tuplets and/or legatos.

e. Once selected, push the Delete key.

NOTE: To resize or move a tuplet bracket, use Nudge mode and drag the control point located on either end of the tuplet.

• User-defined Tuplet


The D:B tool button allows for custom tuplets.

Divisions = The number of equal beats to be applied to the group.

Value = The number of note values (if they were not modified) that would be applied to give the same duration.

For example: The quintuplet (-5-) has a default D:B ratio of 5:4. When applied to a group of 5 eighth notes, its total duration value would equal 4 “normal” eighth notes.

• Nested tuplets (tuplet within a tuplet)

Choose the value required from the “Rhythmic Groups” palette. Click and drag the cursor to select a tuplet group within another tuplet. A bracket will drop identifying the nested tuplet.

7.6.1e Beam tool

See "Inserting, changing and deleting beamed notes", Section 5.2.10.

7.6.1f Grace Notes


While in Insert mode, select a rhythmic value and press the grace note button in the “Notes” palette. Click before any note in the active staff to insert a grace note. ENF playback will insert the grace note and truncate the duration of either the following or the previous note.

To control how grace notes play back

Select Edit > Document Preferences > Playback

Change default playback characteristics for grace notes:

On the beat (accaciatura)

Before the beat

• If “Before the beat” is selected and the grace note begins a measure, the grace note will have to be placed at the very end of the previous measure. For more information, see Grace notes (Section 7.6.1f)


7.6.1g Dots of Prolongation

Select the “D” key, dot or double dot from the “Notes” or “Rests” palette. Click on any notehead to attach a dot of prolongation.

To delete a dot of prolongation,

Press the “D” key again and click on the notehead.


7.6.1h Ties

Ties connect contiguous notes of the same pitch causing the first note to sound for the duration of both notes. Ties are not the same as slurs.

a. While in the Insert mode, hit the “V” key or press a Tie button in the “Notes” palette.

b. Click on the notehead of the first note of a tied pair to insert the tie with a down- ward arc.

c. Right-click (option + click for Mac) to insert a tie with upward arc.

d. To delete a tie, hit the “X” key with a tie showing on the cursor and click the first note of the pair to delete.

7.6.1i Accidentals


FIGURE 5 - 8: Accidentals (in Notes palette)

To insert an accidental,

a. Select any accidental from the expanding accidental button located in the “Notes” palette.

b. Toggle the “C” key to activate Insert mode.

c. Click on the notehead that is to receive the marking.

To change an accidental,

Select an accidental from the “Notes” palette. Click on a note with an accidental. It will change to the selected accidental.

To delete an accidental,

Quick-select (Ctrl + click) any accidental, press the “X” key and click on a notehead to remove its associated accidental.

7.6.1j Courtesy accidental tool

A courtesy accidental is bounded by parentheses and acts as a reminder that a note has an accidental.

To insert a courtesy accidental,

Press the parentheses button when any accidental is selected before clicking a notehead.


7.6.2 Articulations palette

Articulations affect the playback of selected notes. These include slurs, turns, fer- matas, mordents, trills, accents and tremolos.

7.6.2a Slur (Legato)

Note durations associated with slurs are increased about 10% giving an overlap- ping or “connected” effect when played back.

To insert a legato (slur),

a. Push the Legato button in the “Articulations” palette.

b. Drag to select range of notes to be associated with the legato. Dragging down- ward places the legato above notes. Dragging upward positions legato under the notes.

c. Inserting Slurs and Tuplets (Detail)






Inserting and deleting slurs and ties are very similar. While in the Insert mode, select a triplet (“T” key) from the “Notes” palette or select Legato from the “Articulations” pal- ette.

Creating a triplet

Creating a slur

FIGURE 7 - 1: Creating a Tuplet or Slur (legato)

a. Click and drag down to insert the tuplet or legato above the notes to be selected.

b. Click and drag up to insert the tuplet or legato below the notes to be selected.

To insert expression marks,

Many common expression marks can be inserted as text with the use of Expres- sion tool. Available phrases can be found in English, Italian, French, German with English translation.


FIGURE 7 - 2: Expression Tool

a. Select the EXP (Expression) button.

b. Choose a language and an expression from the pull down menu or type your own expression in the text field. Press OK.

c. Position the cursor anywhere in the active staff.

NOTE: Expressions are simple text and have no affect on playback.

7.6.2b Turns, fermatas, accents and mordents (ornaments)

To insert turns, fermatas, accents, trills and mordents,

Ornaments can be inserted above or below notes by clicking the top of a notehead or near the tip of note stem.

a. Select the articulation.

b. Click on a note head to insert the articulation above the note head.

c. Click on a note stem to insert the articulation at the tip of the stem.

To delete a turn, fermata, accent or mordent,

Quick-select the articulation. Or use “O” key to select. Press the “X” key and click on the notehead or stem of the associated note.

• Trill

With tr (trill) selected, click on a note to insert a single trill marking. To create an “extended” trill, hold the Shift button down (Nudge mode) and drag the yellow control handle on the trill marking to the right.

To insert a trill,


With tr (trill) selected, click on a note to insert a single trill.


Trill Extended Trill

FIGURE 11 - 8: Trill and Extended Trill

To create an “extended” trill,

Trills have a control handle to the right of the “r”. In Nudge mode, dragging the con- trol handle to the right will extend the trill’s effect to all notes in the same staff below the extension.


FIGURE 7 - 1: Extended Trill

• Turn

Click on note head or note stem apply a turn. Turns play as follows:


FIGURE 8 - 1: Turn

• Fermata (bird’s eye)

Click on note head or note stem to apply a fermata. Tempo is slowed by 50% for the dura- tion of the note to which the fermata is attached.

• Staccatos

Click on note head to apply a staccato. Duration of the associated note is shortened by 25%.

• Tenuto

Click on note head to apply a tenuto. Duration of the associated note is extended by 125%.

• Accent

Click on note head to apply an accent. Accent increases the velocity of its associated note by 150%.

• Soft Accent

Click on note head to apply a soft accent. Soft accent increases the velocity of its associ- ated note by 125%.

• Sharp, Flat and Natural

With one of these modifiers selected, clicking on a trill marking will insert the accidental above the trill and cause playback of the trill to “flatten”, “sharpen” or “neutralize” target pitches while considering the active key signature.

• Mordent

Click on notehead to apply a mordent. Mordents play back as follows:


FIGURE 11 - 2: Mordent

• Inverted Mordent

Inverted mordent play back as follows:


FIGURE 11 - 3: Inverted Mordent

7.6.2c Tremolo (single, double, triple, quadruple)

Tremolos repeat the note affected by dividing the associated note by four times the selected tremolo value.

To insert a tremolo,

a. Select a tremolo from the Tremolo button of the “Articulations” palette. Avail- able tremolos are single, double, triple or quadruple (Both single or beamed tremolos.


FIGURE 7 - 1: Tremolos (Articulations palette)

b. Click on the head of the note to apply the tremolo value.

c. Adjacent half notes will join to become beam tremolos when the first half note is clicked with beam tremolo selected.

NOTE: Beam tremolos will playback only if the applied “half-beam” notes are posi- tioned in measures as if they were quarter notes.

To change existing half notes to beamed tremolos,

With a beam tremolo value selected, click on the first of two adjacent half notes. The notes will beam with tremolo mark inside.

7.6.2d Arpeggio



Arpeggiated chords will offset the start time of all members of a cluster and will keep them sustained throughout the duration of the chord.

Written Played

FIGURE 11 - 8: Arpeggio

To insert an arpeggio,

a. Select the Arpeggio button (squiggly line) from the palette.

b. Click and drag the mouse to select a chord cluster (can include more than one voice).

c. Dragging the mouse in an upward direction will cause the notes to arpeggiate in an upward scale.

d. Dragging the mouse in the downward direction will cause the notes to arpeggiate in a downward scale. A down arrow is added.

To insert a glissando,

a. Select the Glissando button (two notes connected with a line) from the palette.

b. Clicking on any single (non-chord cluster) note will insert a glissando to the fol- lowing note belonging to the same voice. During play back, the glissando will be heard.

To delete any articulation associated with a note,

Quick-select the articulation. Press the “X” key, and click on the note associated with the articulation.

NOTE: To delete any articulation that is not note-specific, use the Select tool (“O” key) to highlight it and hit the Delete key.

7.6.2e Inserting or Deleting Multiple Articulations Any articulation can be applied to multiple notes at one time. To assign an articulation to many notes at once,

a. Use the Select tool (“O” key) then drag to select a range of notes.

b. Select the articulation to be applied to all highlighted notes and insert it to any note.

To delete all articulation marks and slurs in a selected area,

a. Use the Select tool (“O” key) to drag a box around the area from which you wish to remove articulations.

b. Once the area is selected, hit the “G” key to delete all articulations in the selected region.

7.6.2f Glissando


Glissandos connect two adjacent notes into equal steps totaling the combined value of the connecting notes.


Written Played

FIGURE 11 - 9: Glissando)

NOTE: Although it is part of the glissando, the last note always sounds its full value.


7.6.3 Dynamics Palette

Inserting dynamic markings, crescendo & decrescendo markings or hairpins will alter the velocity of selected notes in the active staffline.

To apply dynamics and/or dynamic markings to more than one staff, enter the dynamic in each active staff that you wish to apply the effect. If you do not wish to have so many dynamics visible in every staffline, you may enter symbols in the Hidden Symbols mode. For more details, see "Hidden Symbols", Section 7.10.

7.6.3a Crescendos and Decrescendos (Hairpin Tool)

To insert a hairpin,

a. Select a dynamic hairpin from the “Dynamics” palette or hit Shift + “,” for cre- scendo hairpin and Shift + “.” for decrescendo.

NOTE: If a similar hairpin is nearby, Quick-select it by holding down the “Ctrl” key and clicking on it.The cursor will become that mark.

b. Click and drag to select notes for which a hairpin is to be applied.

c. Dragging downward will insert the hairpin above the active staff. Dragging upwards will insert the hairpin below the active staff.


FIGURE 7 - 1: Hairpin crescendo (drag upwards)

To use keyboard shortcuts for entering hairpins (P, < and >)

• Press the “P” key to select p (piano) dynamic marking and open the “Dynamics” palette.

• Hold down “Shift+ “,” to select the crescendo hairpin.

• Hold down “Shift+ “.” to select the decrescendo hairpin.

To insert a crescendo or decrescendo mark,

a. Select Cresc. or Decresc. from the “Dynamics” tool palette. Or, if the mark you want is nearby, Quick-select it by holding down the “Ctrl” key and clicking on the marking you want. The cursor will become that mark.

b. In Insert mode, click and drag the mouse to highlight the range of notes over which you wish to apply the dynamic change.


FIGURE 7 - 2: Inserting a crescendo marking

c. Dragging downward while selecting the range of notes will insert the marking above the staffline. Dragging upward will insert the marking below the staffline.

d. To change the range of cresc. / decres. markings, hold the Shift button down (Nudge mode) and drag the yellow control handle horizontally. Notes to be affected by the mark will highlight in a light grey color.

NOTE: Playback properties of articulations and dynamics may be changed using the Properties tool. See "Playback Properties", Section 4.9.

7.6.3b Dynamic Markings

To Insert a Dynamic marking,

a. While in the Insert mode, select a dynamic marking from the “Dynamics” pal- ette.

b. Click anywhere above the active staff. A change in playback volume (MIDI Vol- ume) for that particular active staff (MIDI track) then will apply.

c. Changes in note volumes range as follows:

pppp = 30 / ppp = 40 / pp = 50 / p = 60 / mp = 70 / mf = 80 / f = 90 / ff = 100/ fff

= 110 / ffff = 120.

NOTE: Dynamics apply only to the active staffline. To apply dynamics and/or dynamic markings to more than one staff, enter the dynamic in each part in which you want the effect to apply. If you do not wish to have multiple dynamics visible, you may enter dynamics in the Hidden Symbols mode. For more details see "Hidden Symbols", Section 7.10.

To delete a dynamic or tempo marking,

An alternative is to use the Select tool (“O” key), highlight the mark and hit Delete.

7.6.4 Tempo Palette

Default tempo for all time signatures is 120 beats per minute (120 bpm) except for “cut- time” and 2/2 time, which play at 60 beats per minute. Tempos can be modified by insert- ing one or more metronome marks, by inserting a tempo marking or with the ENF Tempo Controller.

7.6.4a Metronome Mark

NOTE: The default tempo of all ENF scores is 120 beats per minute (BPM). Any tempo marking (whether recognized or inserted) will over-ride the default tempo. Default tempo can be reset by clicking the Default Tempo button in the Play- back Console or from Default Tempo under the Edit menu.

To insert a metronome mark or change-of-tempo marking,

a. Select the metronome mark button in the “Tempo” palette or select a custom tempo by pushing the Metronome Mark button at the bottom of the palette.

b. If using a metronome mark, select a new tempo and baseline note value. Preset tempo markings ranges from 30 bpm (Lento) to 240 bpm (Prestissimo).



FIGURE 7 - 3: Tempo Change (Metronome Mark) window

c. In Insert mode, click anywhere above the topmost staff of a system to insert mark. Tempo will adjust accordingly at that point.

7.6.5 Tempo Markings

Tempo Markings are found in the “Tempo” palette. Clicking anywhere inside a staffline will insert the selected Tempo Marking above the staff. Tempo will be altered at that point.


FIGURE 7 - 4: Selecting Tempo Markings from Tempo palette

NOTE: Expression markings, found in the “Articulations” palette, are merely descrip- tors and will not alter playback.

To edit a metronome or change-of-tempo mark in the score,

image a. Select the Properties tool from the Toolbar.

b. Click on a mark in the score to edit its properties.


FIGURE 7 - 5: Tempo Marking Properties window

7.6.6 Using the horizontal slider, select a new tempo for the mark. Choose whether to apply the change to just the single mark, all similar marks or permanently apply the change for that mark.

7.6.7 Change of tempo (metronome mark)

Creating a change-of-tempo is accomplished by inserting a metronome mark above the staff line where you want the tempo to change.

7.6.8 Metronome mark

.The Metronome tool in the “Tempo” palette (also activated in Edit > Default Tempo) sets the tempo at the point the mark is inserted.


FIGURE 7 - 6: Setting Default Tempo

7.6.9 Ritards, Accelerandos, Descelerandos

Select the appropriate symbol and enter it by dragging the mouse over the range of notes you wish to apply the effect to. Use the Properties tool to modify the tempo change over the range of notes to which it applies.

NOTE: To view the selected range of accelerando/descelerando, push the Hidden Objects button. Range is shown with dotted line.


7.6.10 Tempo controller

Another method to change tempos is to use the Tempo Controller.

To activate the interactive Tempo Controller,

Push the Tempo Controller button in the ENF Toolbar. Clicking the orange line changes the default tempo value. For more details, see "ENF Graphical controllers", Section 4.11


7.6.11 Clefs and Signatures (Key and Time) palette

To insert a key or clef signature,

a. Hold either the “Treble clef” button or “4/4” button down for a few seconds and select the appropriate key or time signature from the palette.

b. Click at the beginning of the staff (or part) to which it applies.

NOTE: Key signatures for that part will automatically update in all subsequent systems up to, but not including, any change-of-key signature should any occur. Clefs signs are not automatically updated but can be cloned using the “Unify” com- mand.

7.6.11a For time signatures, see "Unify Time Signatures", Section 7.8.4b 7.6.11b For key signatures, see "Unify Key Signatures", Section 7.8.4a

To change an existing key or time signature to another signature,

Entering or changing any time signature automatically updates time signatures in all parts of all systems; up to the first change-of-time signature if one exists. Entering or changing key signatures must be done one staff at a time.

a. Quick-select (Ctrl+click) a desired key or time signature nearby or select a new signature from the tool palette.

b. Click on a highlighted signature to be changed.

NOTE: The key of C major (A minor) does not have a visible sign to indicate its pres- ence. If no key signature is visible in the first measure of the ENF display, the key signature will be C major (A minor) by default.

To create a custom time signature to Insert or Change,


a. Select the Custom Time button from the “Signatures” palette

b. Using numeric scrollers, select a new numerator (beats per measure) and a new

denominator (note value receiving the beat).

c. Click to insert signature immediately following any barline.

To insert a new key or time signature in the body of a score,

With a time or key signature selected from the “Signatures” palette, Insert mode, click to the right of any barline.

NOTE: The score will be parsed from the insertion point. Error measures likely disappear after correcting the new time signature.

To insert a new key or time signature at the end of a system:

According to the conventions of music notation, a change-of-key or a change-of-time sig- nature that begins on a new line should also be indicated to the right of a barline at the end of the previous system.


FIGURE 7 - 7: Time Signature at the end of a system

To delete a signature

Quick-Select a key or time signature. Hit the “X” key and click on the signature to delete it.

• To prevent the last measure from rolling to the next line, avoid deleting the final barline of any system.

a. Note positions do not move when a clef sign is changed. To change a clef while keeping original note pitches of a part or selected region, note positions must be shifted. Refer "Transposition by Key and Clef", Section 5.4.

a. Select a clef from the Clefs palette.

NOTE: Left-click and hold on any palette button with a small arrow for 2 seconds to expand it and reveal all symbols of that class.

b. Click anywhere in the active staff to insert the selected clef.

7.6.11c Alto / Tenor / Mezzo-soprano (“C”) clefs

The midpoint of the “C” clef indicates where C below middle C (MIDI C3) is to be located.

7.6.11d Treble Octava / Bass Octava clefs

Playback in these clefs will be an octave higher than with a standard clef.

7.6.11e Treble Octavo / Bass Octavo clefs

Playback in these clefs will be an octave lower than with a standard clef.


7.6.11f Percussion clef

When the Percussion clef is inserted into a staff line, MIDI channel assignment of the staff switches to 10; the default drum channel. Notes are entered normally, but playback as MIDI drums. Note pitch-to-MIDI drum assignments are mapped in Drumset option under the Playback menu.

7.6.11g Octava / Octavo tools

These are not clefs per se. Rather than insert with a mouse click, they are applied to selected notes by dragging to select the notes to be modified. Playback of selected notes will be an octave higher when selecting with Octava tool and an octave lower when selecting with Octavo tool.

To assign Octava or Octavo to a range of selected notes

a. Select either Octava or Octavo tool.

b. Drag the cursor to select notes in the active staff.


FIGURE 11 - 8: Octava

Notice that the Octava or Octavo mark will appear at the beginning of the range of selected notes an the applied range will be indicated by a dashed line above the selected notes.




7.6.12 Barlines palette (I)

To change or delete a barline,

a. Select a desired barline from the “Barlines” palette or Ctrl+click on a barline nearby.

b. Click on a yellow-highlighted barline to change it to the selected barline.

c. To delete a barline, Quick-select it, press the “X” key and click on the barline.

7.6.12a Deleting / changing barlines at the end of systems.

eleting a barline at the end or beginning of a system will cause that measure to roll to the next system. Follow this step to delete or change a barline type that ends or begins a sys- tem...

To change a barline at the end of a system to another barline type,

a. Insert the desired barline type to the left of the barline that you wish to remove.

Delete the barline (“X” key then click). The measure will shift slightly to the left but not roll to an adjacent system. For details on repeats and jumps, see "Repeats", Section 4.6 or "Jumps", Section 4.8.


7.6.13 Text and tools palette 7.6.13a Text

Selecting the Text button sets the cursor to the Text Edit mode. See Section 8.2,

"Text mode".

7.6.13b Lyrics

Selecting the Lyric button sets the cursor to the Lyric Edit mode. See Section 8.1, "Lyrics".

7.6.13c Guitar Fretboard

Selecting the Guitar chord fretboard button resets the cursor to “Insert Guitar Chord” mode. See "Guitar Fret and Chord Symbols", Section 8.3.1.

• Rehearsal

Ten Rehearsal Markings can be placed anywhere in the ENF view.

• Pedals

Four Pedal Markings can be placed anywhere in the ENF view.

• Bowings

Two Bowing Markings can be placed anywhere in the ENF view.

• Breaths

A Breath Marking can be placed anywhere in the ENF view.