< Previous | Contents | Next >

7.4 System Manager


Use the System Manager to add, assign or change instrumental parts, change part names and to extract parts and voices by controlling visibility.


FIGURE 7 - 13: System Manager window

The System Manager displays information about what is found in the active system (the highlighted system). Changes made can be applied to the current system, current plus sub- sequent systems, to the entire score or limited to the current Score-Part.

To open the System Manager,

a. Position the cursor over a given system in the ENF view.


b. Press (Ctrl+M / Cmnd+M) or select Edit > System Manager from menu. All parameters of the active system will be displayed including part name, visibility and assigned MIDI instruments.

Parts of the system run vertically along the far left column. Checkmarks identify whether parts are “visible” in the active system. Voices run horizontally with checkmarks below which identify the status of their visibility.

7.4.1 Part Names

When a Part Name is selected in the System Manager, playback parameters are inherited from Instrument Templates, including pitch shifting of transposed instrument.

To select a Part Name,

a. Click into a desired instrument name in the Part Name column. Select one of preset instruments Notice that MIDI instruments for each voice become updated.

b. If you wish to add a new part name with a unique MIDI instrument assignment, select “Add New Part” from the top of the pull-down list. This will open Instru- ment Templates and allow you to create a new template, name it and assign any MIDI instrument and alter transposition pitch shifting.

Abbreviated Part Names are shown by default in the first system of the ENF main view. To change or remove Part Name display, see "Document Preferences", Section 11.1.1

7.4.2 Assigning MIDI Instruments to Voices (General MIDI Playback only)

Voices inherit MIDI instrument assignments from Instrument Templates initially. You can change MIDI instrument assignment for voices (in Voice mode) or parts (Part mode) in the System Manager or Playback Console.


TIP:Assigning each voice a different instrument adds richer sound texture and helps in hearing “inner voicings” of the music. Highly recommended for classes in composition.

NOTE: Playback Console and System Manager are linked. Changes made to MIDI instruments in one environment will update the other. MIDI instrument assign-

ments in Instrument Templates are not changed automatically. They can only be changed manually.

To change MIDI instruments for voices in System Manager,

In System Manager, click on any voice of any part and select a new MIDI instrument in the pull-down menu.

NOTE: Changes made to instruments in System Manager or the Playback Console will not be applied to playback when the Aria player (VST or AU) is active.

7.4.3 Extracting Parts


NOTE: Part and voice extraction can be accomplished using either System Manager or the Score Structure environment, a graphically-based score display. Many find Score Structure to be easier to use for part extraction. See "Using Score Structure to Extract & Join Parts", Section 6.5 for details.

In the System Manager, look for “Visibility” checkboxes along the far left side and along the bottom of the list of parts. Checkmarks identify which parts are active (visible) in the current system. Individual parts and/or voices can also be made “visible” or “invisible” by selective use of these Visibility checkboxes.

To extract a part from the score,

a. Check Visibility boxes next to the parts you want to extract. Unchecked parts will be made invisible, but data will be retained.

b. Check Visibility in the Apply field.

c. Choose a scope from the “Apply To” pull-down menu. The most commonly used option is Apply to New. This will extract all checked parts to a new ENF docu- ment while keeping the original document unchanged. Both documents will remain open. See "Applying changes in System Manager to the score", Section

7.4.11 for more details.

d. Push Apply to remove all unchecked parts from the current (open) document.

7.4.4 Extracting Voices

To extract a voice from the score,

a. Highlight a visible part by clicking on the dot next to Part Name.

b. Check or uncheck the Visibility box below the desired voice number depending on which voice(s) you wish to extract.

c. Select Visibility in the Apply field and choose Apply to New from the Apply To

pull-down menu. This will extract all checked parts to a new ENF document

while keeping the original document unchanged. The Apply option alters the current document. Apply to New will create a new, separate ENF document.

7.4.5 Adding a new part to the score

To insert a new part into the score, push the “Add Part” button in the System Manager. This is the same as choosing Staff/Part > “Insert” option in Score Properties window (see "Score Properties", Section 7.3). To restore “invisible” parts to systems, see Section 4.13.2, "Restoring a missed or “invisible” staff line".


To add a new part to the entire score,

a. Open System Manager (Ctrl+M or select File > System Manager from the menu).

b. Push the “Add Part” button at the upper left corner of the window.


c. A similar, but more detailed window will open. This is the Super System. It rep- resents all existing parts in the score, whether they’re visible or not in any partic- ular system. The Super System can also be opened from the Controlling System pull-down menu in the System Manager.


FIGURE 7 - 14: Creating a new part using Super System in System Manager

d. Highlight an existing part where you want the newly-added part to be placed by clicking on the black dot to the left.

e. Choose Insert Above or Insert Below and press “Apply”.

f. The System Manager window will appear displaying the active system and all visible parts including the newly-added part.

g. In the “Apply to” pull-down menu, choose how this current part configuration will be applied throughout the score: All systems, current system, current system plus all subsequent systems, current Score/Part or, in some cases, to the Super System.

7.4.6 Super System

The Super System is a “receptacle” that holds all existing parts in the score. All parts (staff lines), whether visible or not, are stored and displayed in this special area. The Super System display is found in the System Manager window under the “Controlling System” pull-down menu.

Sometimes “optimized” music is scored for more instruments than may appear in any sin- gle system of the score. If the total number of possible instruments exceeds even the larg- est system in the score, parts need to be added to the Super System as described above. SmartScore assumes that all possible instruments are equal to the system with the largest number of parts. For playback will sound correct, parts in optimized systems need to be reassigned to their appropriate instruments. See "Maintaining playback continuity", Sec- tion 4.13 and "Re-linking parts", Section 4.14 for more details. Parts (staff lines) can be added either from the System Manager or the Staff Properties window.

7.4.7 Part Visibility

Any part of any system can be made “visible” or “invisible”. This is called “optimizing” a system. This is useful in those sections where a part is tacit or silent for several systems and/or pages. Optimizing systems can be accomplished using System Manager or the “Visibility” check box in the Staff Properties window (See Section 7.3.2, "Staff Proper- ties").

To make parts visible or invisible using System Manager,

a. Make sure Controlling System is Active.

b. Check (or uncheck) the Visibility box next to each Part Name you wish to affect.

c. Check Visibility in the Apply region below the parts matrix.

d. Select the option, Apply To = All if you wish the part to be visible or invisible in all systems.

e. Select System if you only want to affect in active system.

f. Select System + if you want to affect the current and all subsequent systems.

g. Push OK.

7.4.8 Deleting parts

To permanently delete a part from a score.

a. Open System Manager (Cntl + M) and select Super System from the Control- ling System menu.

b. Click the dot corresponding to the part you wish to remove. Push Remove.

c. Push “Apply to New” to create a new document without changing the original.

Otherwise, push “Apply” and “OK”.

Removing a part is not the same as “Part extraction”. To extract a part to a new document, see Section 7.4.3, "Extracting Parts".

Besides the “Add Part” button, there are two other useful buttons visible in the System Manager: Instrument Templates and Format Score...

7.4.9 Instrument Templates

Many characteristics of parts in the System Manager are inherited from Instrument Tem- plates including part name, abbreviation, MIDI instrument assignment and playback pitch transposition. To open, push “Open Instrument Templates” button in System Manager. See Section 4.10.2, "Instrument Templates" for more details.

7.4.10 Format Score

Changes to both horizontal and vertical formats can be easily made. For detailed informa- tion, turn to "Reformatting scores in ENF view", Section 6.1.

7.4.11 Applying changes in System Manager to the score

Changes you make to System Manager will apply to the area of interest you select in the “Apply To” pull-down menu:


Applies only to the currently active system.


Applies to the currently active system and all subsequent systems.


Applies to the Score or Score-Part.

Super System (Do not use except in extraordinary cases)

Changes will be applied only to the Super System.


Applies the change to all systems of the score. Select this when you want your changes to be globally applied.

Once your changes have been set, select where you want the changes to be applied:


The selected changes will be applied to the currently open ENF document.

Apply to New

This action will create a new document with your applied changes. The original document will remain unchanged.Both ENF documents will remain open. The newly-created docu- ment will have “(1)” appended to its name.