< Previous | Contents | Next >

5.2 Editing the Music

For editing, we recommend a “left-hand-on-keyboard” technique as shown below. The left index finger is over the “C” key, the left middle finger is over the “X” key, the left ring finder is over the “Z” key and the small finger is over the “CTRL” key.

NOTE: You will find editing fast and easy once you begin working with this “Quick Keys” method:


FIGURE 5 - 4: Left-Hand Position for ENF Editing

5.2.1 Pitch shift (Nudge mode)

To change the pitch of any note,

Position the mouse over a staff line. Hold the Shift key down with your small left finger then click and hold on the control point in the center of the notehead. Drag the note head up or down to shift its vertical position in the staff.

To change the pitch of several notes at once,


a. Press “O” key to activate the Select tool in Toolbar.

b. Click and drag a box around any series of notes.

c. Hold down the “Shift” key and drag the notes up or down.

5.2.2 Rhythmic errors

Measures highlighted in a reddish color indicate that one or more rhythmic errors were found inside a voiceline.


FIGURE 5 - 5: Measure with rhythmic error (1 beat is missing)

For neatness sake, many scores intentionally truncate second and third voicelines. Nor- mally, truncated voices will not cause playback problems provided notes on the same beat are vertically aligned.


FIGURE 5 - 6: Voice #2 (stem down) is truncated causing measure to highlight

Pickup measures and measures split between systems play back without pauses by select- ing Properties Tool (Esc key), clicking the beginning barline of the pickup, closeout or split measure and choosing “Play as written”.

NOTE: The red color used to highlight flag error measures can be turned off by uncheck- ing “Show Error Measures” under the View menu.

5.2.3 Inserting Notation Symbols


Musical symbols can be selected from one of several floating tool palettes posi- tioned on the left side of the screen. Symbols with multiple values are grouped inside a single “master’ button identified with a small arrow. By holding down any button containing an arrow, the entire set of selectable symbols will expand to the right.



FIGURE 5 - 7: Expandable Palette Buttons (Notes and Rests)

5.2.4 Quick-select (Ctrl + Click):

You can select any symbol on a page without having to find it in a palette. Hold the Ctrl

key down and click on any object The cursor will inherit that object’s properties.

5.2.5 Insert mode


Insert mode (Insert button on the Toolbar.) is activated by hitting the “C” key on your computer keyboard. It also activates with Quick-select (Ctrl+click on an existing symbol) or when a symbol is picked from the Tool Palette. The selected symbol will insert into a staff line or will change an existing symbol when its clicked on.

To change the value an existing note, rest or other symbol:

a. Select a note or rest within the same symbol class but with a different value.

b. Position your cursor over the symbol to be changed until it highlights yellow.

Then click to change the new symbol.

NOTE: When a note highlights light blue, clicking will insert a new note in another voice at the same vertical event. See "Working with Contrapuntal Voices", Section 7.9 for more about vertical events.

5.2.6 Stem direction

In Insert mode, the default stem direction of a note switches when the cursor crosses the middle line of a staff.

To insert a note with the opposite stem direction as shown by your cursor, with a right- click (option + click for Mac).

To reverse the stem direction of one or more selected notes,

Select one or more notes with the Select Tool (“O” key). Hit the “S” key to change stem direction of the selected notes.

To change the stem direction of an existing note,

a. In Insert mode, right-click (option + click for Mac) on any note once it high- lights yellow.

5.2.7 Deleting objects

There 4 methods for deleting objects. They are:


“Click Delete”: Hit the “X” key (or push the “Delete” button in the Toolbar).

Click on any symbol to delete it.


“Group Delete”: Use the Select tool (“O” key) and drag the selector box over one or more objects highlighting them in yellow. Selected objects will appear grey-green. Hit the “Delete” key to delete all selected objects.


“Control Delete”: Quick-select (Ctrl+click) any symbol. Hit the “X” key. Click on any object of the same class to delete it. NOTE: In this mode, note clusters will be deleted.


“Clustered Note Delete”: Hit the “X” key (or push the “Delete” button in the Toolbar). Now hit the “Z” (cluster) key. In this mode, single noteheads of clusters will delete.

5.2.8 Undo / Redo

To undo any single action,

Click the Undo or Redo button to reverse the last editing action. Or hold the Ctrl

down and hit the “Z” key (Cmnd + Z for Mac).

To Undo or Redo one or more previous actions

To select one or more actions to be reversed, click the small arrow to the right of the Undo or Redo buttons. Drag to select multiple actions. Push “Undo Actions” or “Redo Actions”.


FIGURE 5 - 8: Undo multiple actions

5.2.9 Editing note clusters

To insert additional note heads to existing note stem:



In Insert mode, additional noteheads can be added to an existing note stem sim- ply by clicking above or below an existing note provided the selected note value (displayed by the cursor) is the same as the existing note stem. Position the cur- sor on the correct line or space and when the note highlights yellow, click to insert.

To add a notehead to any existing note stem (regardless of what is shown on your cursor), hit the “Z” key (“Cluster tool”). When the existing note highlights yel- low, click to insert new notehead.

To delete a notehead from existing cluster:


Select Cluster tool from the Notes palette (“Z” key). Then hit the “X” key Click- ing on any notehead in a cluster will remove a single notehead. The Delete clus- ter tool also works to delete single-headed notes.

NOTE: Always use the Cluster tool to remove single note heads. The single greyed note and arrow will delete entire note cluster.

5.2.10 Inserting, changing and deleting beamed notes

To edit beamed notes:


Hit the “C” key (or click on the Insert button for Insert mode) and select a flagged note from the “Notes” palette. Then choose a beam direction from the “Beams” palette or the “A” key on your computer keyboard. If a similar beam note is nearby, Ctrl + click on it to select it.



Notes palette (expanded) Beams palette (expanded)

FIGURE 5 - 9: Editing Beamed Notes

To form a beamed group, insert the selected beamed note by clicking into a staff (not adjacent to another beam group). Repeated clicks will form successive 2-note beam groups when “left” or “right” beam direction is selected. One continuous beam group will be created when the “middle-beam” is selected. Auto-Beam can be used, but it may also cause re-coupling of other beams in the measure. See "Score Properties", Section 7.3 for more details.

Inserting a “right” or “middle” beam to the left of an existing beam group will cause that note to attach itself to the beam on its right. Likewise “left” and “middle” beams will attach to the right of an existing beam. Clicking inside an existing beam group with the “middle” beam selected will insert a beam note inside the beamed group.

Clicking on an yellow-highlighted beamed note will change its note value and/or beam direction as indicated by the cursor.

To delete a beamed note, Quick-Select it, hit the “X” key and clicking again to remove it. Deleting an end beam will cause the beam to join to any adjacent beamed groups.

5.2.11 Forming beam groups (Select + “B”)

To create a single beam group from adjacent flagged or beamed notes:

Use the Select tool (“O” key) and highlight any number of adjacent flagged notes. Hit the “B” key to join the notes into a single beamed group. The “B” key will also join two or more adjacent beam groups that are selected.

5.2.12 Barlines

a. While in the Insert mode, hit the “I” key (or select any barline from the “Bar- lines & Repeats” palette).

b. Click anywhere in the active staffline to Insert a barline.

5.2.12a Deleting / changing barlines at the end of systems.

Deleting a barline at the end or beginning of a system will cause that measure to roll up or down to an adjacent system. Follow this step to delete or change a barline type that ends or begins a system...

To change a barline at the end of a system to another barline type,

a. Insert the desired barline type to the left of the barline that you wish to remove.

Delete the barline (“X” key then click). The measure will shift slightly to the left but not roll to an adjacent system.